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This Literature Review discusses the linguistic, social, and cultural obstacles that immigrants face when attempting to integrate into the United States. It identifies the current processes and procedures in place to streamline integration, the issues those processes attempt to resolve, and the places where they do not quite hit the mark. Through providing an overview of barriers that immigrants face, including education, cultural nuances, language, and job placement, the Literature Review critiques the currently available procedures, and attempts to make recommendations in how to assist organizations in providing efficient services for their potential citizens. The Literature Review concludes that in order to create an effective integration program for immigrants of the United States, these governmental and non-governmental programs must collaborate to provide gapless services to the immigrants of the country. Through this, immigrants will become more productive and integrated citizens with the ability to retain jobs, create relationships, and further their education. .  [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

Lessons Learned
In completing the Literature Review I was able to reflect upon the experiences of others, as well as the experiences of individuals I know, in terms of the difficulty in integrating into new cultures. I learned that the challenges that immigrants experience in terms of language barriers, culture shock, and social issues, is not uncommon, and that there is often not a lot of help provided to potential citizens to help them succeed. While permanent residents of the United States may have access to some limited government services, the other three types of immigrants: temporary, discretionary, and undocumented, do not have access to these programs. While the lack of government programs for these groups of people is due to their status, this causes temporary, discretionary, and undocumented immigrants to seek non-governmental help in making the transition to permanent residency, creating a mistrust between themselves and the United States government. This mistrust can lead to greater social and cultural problems within the country, where new immigrants do not have the tools to successfully integrate, creating a social gap between themselves and local American citizens. Finally, I learned about the difficulty in translating education between cultures. While an immigrant may have obtained a doctorate in their own country, this educational level may not effectively translate to American education, due to lack of standards and knowledge. This, in particular, has created large problems within our country, where immigrants with a lot of valuable education are working in low-level jobs, rather than more effectively contributing to the communities they live in. Through analyzing the problems faced by immigrants, I have obtained a greater understanding of the programs currently provided. Further, I obtained a greater understanding of the issues that these programs, as well as the immigrants participating in them, continue to face within the United States. In addition to this, I gained an understanding of the different statuses of immigrant within the United States, and how this effects their ability to integrate into the country, due to the lack of programs for non-permanent residents.

While the completed research was able thoroughly analyze the obstacles faced by immigrants to the United States in terms of language, cultural, social, and educational concerns, it did not provide a thorough overview of how these obstacles could be overcome. Currently, governmental organizations provide effective services to only permanent residents of the United States, and non-governmental organizations work to provide the services that the government does not provide. However, the research did not grant a thorough understanding of how immigrants without permanent residency status can move from temporary, discretionary, and undocumented statuses, to higher levels of residency or citizenship. If more time was granted to complete this research I would continue to document how immigrants with temporary, discretionary, and undocumented statuses can move into a permanent residency status. Further, I would investigate as to how these processes could be completed more quickly and efficiently, such that it becomes more valuable to be a documented resident, rather than an undocumented one. I believe that it would be useful to learn and understand the process of applying to move into the United States legally, and how this could be better implemented to create a greater understanding of what immigrants should understand upon moving to the country, in terms of language, cultural, social, and educational requirements. In particular, it would be useful to understand how education is currently transferred between countries, and how these processes could be improved to minimize the amount of educated people working lower-level positions. If an individual were to pick up my research from where I had left off, I would recommend looking into educational transfer, and the potential and current processes for foreign qualification exams and mentorship programs. I believe that through better understanding these processes, we could provide better recommendations on how to help immigrants integrate into the country such that they can benefit the communities they move into.

In completing my research, I recommend that the government work more effectively with non-governmental and non-profit organizations to create a gapless transition period for new residents of the United States. To create this gapless transition, I would recommend that the government takeover essential integration services, such as language, and key social and cultural training, and then work with non-governmental and non-profit services to create training for cultural nuances, interview and job skills, and social skills to benefit them within their communities. To implement this, I suggest that leaders redesign the current system around the above recommendations. The government could fund the essential services, while the non-governmental and non-profit organizations could work with paid organizers, in addition to dedicated volunteers, to implement the transitional ones. Through doing this, it will increase the quality of care provided to new and existing immigrants, without increasing the costs, and help to ensure that the documentation processes remain valuable enough that people prefer it. With the increased and integrated involvement of non-governmental organizations with the governmental ones, it will help to ensure that immigrants that are not permanent residents, will still have access to key services to help them further their residency status within the country.

The research provided in depth knowledge of what obstacles immigrants face on coming to the United States, and how they currently attempt to overcome them. It provided a detailed overview of the presently provided services, as well as their pitfalls, and gave comprehensive recommendations on how minor alterations and further research into these programs could help to make them more efficient and effective. Through applying the recommendations given throughout this research, immigrants could more easily become contributing members to the community, and face less social and economic hardships in their transition period. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

Reference List

Bare, V. M. (2013). PARTNERING WITH USCIS: Simple Steps to Help Us Help Our
Clients. Reporter40(2), 50.

Byas, S. (2016). America and Immigration: a Mixed History With Lessons for
Today. New     American (08856540)32(5), 31.

Fox, C. (2016). Unauthorized Welfare: The Origins of Immigrant Status Restrictions 
in  American Social PolicyJournal Of American History102(4), 1051.

Gonzales, A. R., & Glen, P. (2016). Advancing Executive Branch Immigration Policy
Through the Attorney General’s Review Authority. Iowa Law Review101(3), 841.

Jones, T. (2016). The Role of Public Opinion in US and Canadian Immigration
Policies. American Review Of Canadian Studies46(1), 1.

Kónya, I. (2007). Optimal Immigration and Cultural Assimilation. Journal Of Labor 
Economics25(2), 367-391.

Oakes, J. (2016). U.S. Immigration Policy: Enforcement & Deportation Trump Fair
Hearings–Systematic Violations of International Non-Refoulement Obligations Regarding Refugees. North Carolina Journal Of International Law & Commercial Regulation,    41(4), 833-918.

Pedace, R., & DuBois, C. (2012). Immigration policy and employment assimilation
in the United States. Applied Economics44(36), 4721-4730.

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By Hanna Robinson

Hanna has won numerous writing awards. She specializes in academic writing, copywriting, business plans and resumes. After graduating from the Comosun College's journalism program, she went on to work at community newspapers throughout Atlantic Canada, before embarking on her freelancing journey.

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