Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) is a blood clot that develops in the deep veins, which are usually located in the leg. It causes the swelling of the leg as well as pain in the affected leg. Several risk factors cause the development of DVT.
To begin with, individuals from families with a history of the ailment project an increased risk of developing DVT. Essentially, DVT can be inherited which makes these individuals more susceptible than the others (NHS, 2016). Furthermore, DVT can be a culmination of an injury or surgery that was conducted on the veins. An injured vein has a higher likelihood of developing a blood clot. Pregnancy comprises the next DVT risk factor. This is because the weight of the pregnancy is displaced onto the veins which are situated in the legs and the pelvis of the woman. Obesity provides a DVT risk factor given that increased body weight is transmitted onto the veins in the leg and pelvic regions. This encourages blood clotting. Smoking significantly increases the risk of one developing a blood clot. Aged individuals project an increased susceptibility to DVT (NHS, 2016). Lastly, Heart failure and cancer victims have a greater risk of DVT. Heart failure hampers the efficient circulation of blood which then leads to the clotting of blood in the legs. On the other hand, cancer introduces new contents into the body which may encourage the clotting of the blood.
Some of the symptoms of DVT include swelling of the leg in the regions where the blood has clotted. Likewise, one tends to feel pain in the affected regions. The affected skins will most likely turn red. This is a proof of the presence of DVT. To rule out other diseases, I will order the D-dimer tests, ultrasound scan, and venogram (NHS, 2016). Essentially, the D-dimer test comprises the initial test. This will be followed by the ultrasound scan. If both the D-dimer test and the ultrasound scan fail to indicate a diagnosis of DVT, the venogram test comprises the last option. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]
Pregnant women are susceptible to the peripheral artery disease (PAD). The PAD refers to the blockages of the arteries in the legs. It is a culmination of the building of a fatty substance in the blood vessels which is known as the plaque. The plaque hinders the efficient flow of blood in the blood vessels (SCAI, 2013). Pregnant women do not move around a lot and more often do not exercise. Given their need for nutrition both for the baby and themselves, they are subject to increased fat content in the body. This allows for the development of the plaque which in turn blocks the blood vessels and curtails the flow of the blood in the body. PAD can only be diagnosed when it is identified early. The Diagnosis of PAD is subject to a painless procedure which is known as the ankle-brachial index (ABI) (SCAI, 2013). It determines the blood pressure that is present in the wrists and compares it to the blood pressure that is found in the ankles.[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]
Adult patients with lower leg edema are subject to several diagnoses. The lower leg edema refers to the accumulation of fluids on the lower parts of the leg. Diagnoses include ultrasonography, lymphoscintigraphy, magnetic resonance imaging. Lymphoscintigraphy is intended to display the delayed filings of the lymphatic channels (Trayes, Studdiford, Pickle, & Tully, 2013). It is engaged when the clinical diagnosis cannot be engaged. Venous ultrasonography employs imaging modality to determine the presence of suspected DVT. The magnetic resonance imaging is used in the diagnosis of cases that do not involve proximal thrombosis. I would reinforce the magnetic resonance imaging process. This process succinctly addresses the need for the determination of lower leg edema. Venous insufficiency is a term employed to define the incapability of the vein to efficiently transmit blood and arterial insufficiency refers to the inability of the artery to efficiently circulate blood in the body. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]
NHS. (2016, April 27). Deep vein thrombosis. Retrieved October 9, 2016,
Trayes, K. P., Studdiford, J. S., Pickle, S., & Tully, A. S. (2013). Edema: Diagnosis and Management. American Family Physician, 88(2), 102-110.
SCAI. (2013, September 24). Women and Peripheral Artery Disease. Retrieved October 9, 2016,