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Description and Historical Overview

The history of the process leading to the move towards fighting child poverty culminated into the Canada child benefit, which carries the role of the government in the provision of payments to low-income families within social assistance programs. For the government to facilitate the strategic need for the reduction of such poverty, the program initially involved the concept of federal child benefits and the provincial program in a similar capacity. The newer version of the nationwide program underwent modification to fit continuous growths and changes in demographic orientation (Milligan & Stabile, 2008).

Also, the assessment of family income integrates into the process of weighing the need for financial assistance to families. This program’s intent was to facilitate the transformation of the lives of 300,000 children within low-income households, sustained and lifted out of such poverty (Employment and Social Development Canada, n.d.). With the benefits designed to fit ages, need, and special environmental circumstance, its design functions in the provision of financial resources where necessary. In the capacity of Canada child benefits (CCB) financial planning and strategic position, its legislative function covers the legal framework of management to protect the benefit and its recipients. Since it is not retroactive, the users gain funds split within specified in-year periods. Also, they capture their interests.[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

Key Theoretical Debates

The theoretical justifiability of the entire process depends on the level of interest that the public generates, its benefit to the neediest in society, and the moral considerations it poses. In the assessment of such aspects, it is imperative that the initial theoretical justification in its legislation necessitates the provision of resources towards social assistance. In the first place, the budget process for this benefit bases itself on the social transfer of monetary function within the federal government towards a more ultimate based solution for population poverty. Since it was initially believed that the solution of children poverty would facilitate solutions in progression,  the Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC) (n.d.) observes that the reallocation process and transfer introduced negative interactions between provincial and federal governments. This initiates the debate on the suitability of financial reordering within an unchanging challenge on poverty.

On the other hand, there are some limitations in the theoretical justification of the concept to the populace built on an increasing benefit with reducing income. The families involved in the process, being required to form a self-assessment can, therefore, offer significant considerations towards amounts on offer and their potential social impacts on the lives of poor children (Fortin, Green, Lemieux, Milligan, & Riddell, 2012). It is possible to compare the position of the federal government in its provision of a tax-free monetary reimbursement and relate it to the need presented within the income tax data on a family, with the target being a child of defined age. Such aspects reveal the possibilities of such payments being limited to specified persons or regions within the capacity to file information continually to facilitate the benefit.  [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

Relevant Political Theories

The political stand held by individuals debating the necessity and functionality of the benefit is the possibility of failure of a fund targeting specific demographics, but failing to do so due to shortcomings in its processing. The political theories relevant to the assessment of the necessity focus on the concept of welfare support, which widely goes to assisting needy families and eventually the children. Through an interest of the government towards the alleviation of impoverishment, the political scene within the masses can capture the socio-cultural need for financial empowerment (Fortin et al., 2012). It attempts to justify these processes through social moderation and assistance to reduce vices such as thievery or trafficking.

Within the political of the setting community, the compulsion of funding social pressure attempts to facilitate direction of the younger members of the community. On the other hand, it is possible to use the consideration that the political influence of monetary aid on a community serves as a socially interactive tool. In this way, the political interests of community improvement by leaders of regions with prevalently poor persons can extend the social interaction (Fortin et al., 2012). Also, the presentation of the fund to individuals (and families) facilitates the betterment of the experience where children’s fund interact with other members of society.


The impact that is eventually felt by the actual community can be argued either as a passive contribution or as a continuously engaging interaction. Fortin et al. (2012) further attempt to present the concepts of the necessity of child related functioning in assisting the community both on a social and political level. In this regard, one may appreciate the influence on the social life of the children in these communities as being an approach to bettering lives through direct monetary assistance. Inasmuch as such are tax-free and not tied to other return policies, the benefit has a potential of reaching to more than it serves directly through the modification of community mindsets on both social and cultural levels. [Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

In comparison, Milligan and Stabile (2011) makes a significant assessment on the amount of contributions made as compared to the consistent social change from other federal inputs. The argument is not only towards the impact of money provided to the poor, but it is also in the direction of the potential of such money within the same community on a collective basis. The personal levels chosen in this scenarios not only assist those who need it the most (based on the CCB calculator), but they also make the process more functional within the environment, and in this way, providing platforms for disadvantaged persons and bettering lives (ESDC, n.d.).


Employment and Social Development Canada. (n.d.). Canada child benefit.

Fortin, N., Green, D., Lemieux, T., Milligan, K., & Riddell, W. (2012). Canadian inequality: Recent developments and policy options. Canadian Public Policy38(2), 121-145.

Milligan, K., & Stabile, M. (2008). Do child tax benefits affect the wellbeing of children? Evidence from Canadian child benefit expansions. American Economic Journal3(3),

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By Hanna Robinson

Hanna has won numerous writing awards. She specializes in academic writing, copywriting, business plans and resumes. After graduating from the Comosun College's journalism program, she went on to work at community newspapers throughout Atlantic Canada, before embarking on her freelancing journey.

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