College Essay Examples

Essay Outline-Old Man and the Sea

Essay Outline-Old Man and the Sea


  • Ernest Hemingway’s novel, ‘The Old Man and the Sea,’ presents the story of Santiago, who is aged and appears frail.
  • Most fishers and Manolin parents disregard him for his fruitless life, as he has not caught fish for almost three months.
  • Manolin parents go to the extremes of directing their son to go fishing on a different fishing boat.
  • The essay writer novel ends in vast hopelessness, but Santiago’s desire and hope shines.  
  • Santiago’s struggles and desire to keep trying represents unwavering determination.

Body Paragraph 1

  • Santiago’s story is filled with determination, despite his constant struggles since he carries on with fishing despite despising and pity from other fishers.
  • Many fishers would ridicule or feel sad upon seeing him. 
  • When Santiago and Manolin sit at the Terrace, most fishers make fun of Santiago while others feel sad (Hemingway, 1952 2).
  • Santiago still hopes to go out fishing the next day.
  • Santiago is a determined fisher despite ridicule and pitying from other fishers.

Body Paragraph 2

  • Santiago’s determination is unwavering even though Manolin’s parents disregard him and encourage their son to seek alternative fishing boats.
  • The older adult’s fruitless efforts have resulted in disrespect from Manolin’s parents.
  • After forty days without a catch, Manolin’s parents tell the boy that Santiago is the worst of unlucky, and he should change boats (Hemingway, 1952 1).
  • Even after Santiago learns the move, he is still carrying on with the fishing, and Mandolin encourages him.
  • Therefore, Santiago’s desire to keep trying is too strong for Manolin’s parents to halt.

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Body Paragraph 3

  • Despite the tragedy after a promising catch, Santiago’s willpower is still alive.
  • On the eighty-fifth day, Santiago catches a huge sardine and felt happy about his lucky catch, despite a struggle to manage its weight (Hemingway, 1952 42).
  • However, he losses the catch to sharks that have been trailing the sardine’s blood. 
  • The loss hits hard, as the older adult had hoped to emerge victorious after the long wait, but he is still determined since dreams about lions.
  • Despite the loss, Santiago remains determined, as his mind still holds on to things that inspire him from the past. 


  • Santiago’s story is one filled with determination.
  • He is a fruitless fisherman for a long time.
  • He still fishes despite ridicule and pitying from other fishers.
  • Even after Mandolin’s parents discourage him from working with Santiago, the older adult carries on with fishing.
  • Despite the tragic loss, after a promising catch, Santiago continues to hold onto things that revive his hopes. 
  • The will to achieve desired outcomes should be as persistent as Santiago illustrates, for instance, in the country’s efforts to achieve racial equality.
  • Perseverance and persistence should overpower the desire to give up.


Hemingway, E. (1952). The old man and the sea.

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By Hanna Robinson

Hanna has won numerous writing awards. She specializes in academic writing, copywriting, business plans and resumes. After graduating from the Comosun College's journalism program, she went on to work at community newspapers throughout Atlantic Canada, before embarking on her freelancing journey.

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