The Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (ANCSA) of 1971 was signed into law by President Richard Nixon (Lazarus, 1976). At that time, this law constituted the largest claims related to the settlement in the history of the United States. The aim of the ANCSA was to solve issues that had taken long about the aboriginal land claims around Alaska and stimulated economic development in the area. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]
Areas of Impact
By 1971, less than one million acres of land was owned by individuals in Alaska. The law, as well as the Alaska Statehood Act, allowed for the ownership of approximately 148. Five million acres around Alaska that were initially fully controlled by the federal government (Lazarus, 1976)
The law after it was passed created twelve regional economic development corporations targeting the natives. Each of the twelve corporations targeted a specified region in Alaska as well as the Natives who lived in the selected area. This way, the tribes were engaged in corporate capitalism so that they are part of the capitalist system for them to survive. This way, they could earn income while still staying in their traditional villages without the natives being forced to leave their villages to seek better work hence preserving their native culture.
Despite the challenges related to ANCSA in 1971, such as some of the natives claiming that the law has hastened cultural genocide while some have criticized it as to be an illegitimate treaty now that it only involved tribal leaders and that the indigenous populations did not take part in the voting for the provisions of the act, the act has offered many economic benefits to the indigenous community that outweigh the negative consequences hence should be sustained.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]
Lazarus (Jr.), A., (1976). “The Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act: A Flawed Victory,” Law and Contemporary Problems. Winter