1. Through comparing the features, characters, and themes in the play “Hamlet” and the novel “Frankenstein,” there appears to be an attitude towards life, where life is a mirror that can reflect people’s hearts. This is a theme inherent in both novels. People are born with goodness; however, living changes people’s characters. Human behavior can reflect the process of the change that occurs. The main characters in both William Shakespeare’s “Hamlet” and Mary Shelley’s “Frankenstein” are haunted by the loss of close family members.
2. In “Hamlet,” life is full of competitions, where you have to strengthen yourself and be wise enough to complete with your enemies. When Hamlet immersed himself in the pain of losing his father, he once questioned, “To be or not to be, that is a question” (3.1 57) He raised the issue of philosophy as the basic proposition. It can be said that Hamlet’s life switched to the dark side, or perhaps a more profound understanding. After the night on the balcony, he decided to cast his revenge. His immediate task was to think of a clever way to verify whether his uncle killed his father. Hamlet wants to find out through his observations, and he grows his urge to gain revenge against his uncle, Claudius. “I’ll observe his looks. I’ll tent him to the quick. If he but blench, I know my course” (2.2 585). The plot and the killing is contrary to the nature of Hamlet’s innocence, but his mission of revenge is necessary. Hamlet is deep in the desire for revenge against his uncle, who killed his father, and then takes the power of his father. As Hamlet slowly becomes a mature age, he is just a step closer to revenge.
3. Life is full of love and joy, and you should not blind yourself with the evil around you. On one hand, he kills his uncle who takes the power over his father. “He stabs Claudius” (5.2 276). Then Claudius says, “O, yet defend me, friends, I am but hurt” (5.2 278). And then, “Claudius dies” (5.2 279). After many disasters, Hamlet finally kills Claudius. However, he is also paid a high price for this. That is to say, for the sacrifice, his mother Gertrude and he both die in the end. In order to protect her son Hamlet, “she drinks” (5.2 245) the wine that is poisoned. After a little while, “Gertrude falls” (5.2 256). And she said, “No, no, the drink, the drink! O my dear Hamlet! The drink, the drink! I am poisoned” (5.2 264). Then “she died” (5.2 264). As Hamlet tries to find the murderer, he is dying too. Laertes said that, “No med’cine in the world can do thee good. In thee there is not half an hour of life” (5.2 268). Then Hamlet told Horatio that, “tell him, with the occurrents, more and less, which have solicited—the rest is silence” (5.2 310). Then, “He gives a long sigh and dies” (5.2 312). We always have to face many choices in our lives. When we make a choice, it means we need to give up something that reaches the goal. Give up and gain, how can we gain without giving up? In the revenge with his uncle, Hamlet is partly a winner; however, he is also a loser.
4. Shakespeare and Shelley both use various techniques to express the haunted loss that the main characters’ death means. The change of “Hamlet” and “Frankenstein,” we can see life can transform a person and both the writers Shakespeare and Shelley try to expose this topic with great effort. In these two novels, the description of the characters also demonstrates this attitude.
5. Career is an important component of your life, but not the whole of your life, whereas friendship stands out as important features in life. In “Frankenstein,” he is kind of crazy when he meets a good book in his childhood. “When I returned home, my first care was to procure the whole works of this author, and afterwards of Paracelsus and Albertus Maguns” (39). After he grows up, he works more frantically. In his life, there was only one thing left, and that is work. “From this day natural philosophy, and particularly chemistry, in the most comprehensive sense of the term, became nearly my sole occupation” (50). Frankenstein dedicates himself into his experiment, which makes him forget the other important things around him and finally leads him into going crazy and mad. “Winter, spring, and summer passed away during my labours” (56). When he first saw the “thing” (57), his internal feeling was rejection. He could not believe that the thing that he created was so ugly and scary. Therefore, he became mad and upset. However, he forgot other important things could bring him happiness and relaxation. “… in a moment forgot my horror and misfortune; I felt suddenly, and for the first time during many months, calm and serene joy” (60). Career is not the whole of life.
6. Evil is the internal reflection of people’s heart, which can be conquered by love and affection. Frankenstein is a combination of double typical natures, where there is kindness and evil. When he was young, he admitted he has a bad temper. “My temper was sometimes violent, and my passions vehement” (37). In the development of the novel, this is also a fight between Frankenstein’s internal heart, whereas the good conquers the bad. “Abhorred monster! Fiend that thou art!” (99). He shouted to the monster loudly. Frankenstein is haunted by the monster that kills his brother William and his fiancée Elizabeth. He is in range to capture the monster, which was created by him, and lost his life in creating it. However, when he was a child, he was a happy and lovely boy. He was so proud of his father. “My father had filled several public situations with honour and reputation.” His father was the best in his eyes. During that time, he was happy at least. After he grew up, everything had changed. The long-time oppression, discrimination and persecution made him a lunatic where he changed from good to bad.
7. The overarching characteristics in these two stories is the idea of revenge. On the one hand, there is Hamlet, who is trying to gain revenge against the man who murdered his father, and Frankenstein is seeking Victor Frankenstein for leaving him being all alone in an empty existence. There are various underlying characteristics in both pieces of literature such as madness, death and learning. For example, death is the source that triggers the yearning for revenge in both of the pieces. In “Hamlet,” as discussed, this is shown when Hamlet discovers that it is King Claudius who murdered his father. In Scene 5 of Act 1, the Ghost encourages Hamlet to avenge his father’s “unnatural” murder. After thinking he hears a ghost say this, Hamlet responds, “Haste me to know’t, that I, with wings as swift/As meditation or the thoughts of love,/ May sweep to my revenge” (29). This interaction that Hamlet believes he had actually happens prior to the discovery of who killed his father. After hearing from the Ghost, Hamlet says that he will gain revenge for his father’s murder in a timely fashion. Similar to Frankenstein, Hamlet believes that death is the only way to find vengeance.
8. It is also interesting to note that both of the causes of the revenge plots are the causes of their own demise. In Claudius’ case, his killing of Hamlet’s father triggers a rage inside of Hamlet that can only be addressed with Claudius’ death. In essence, he is the creator of his own demise. The same can be said for Frankenstein, who is seeking revenge against his maker for creating him and then leaving him alone without a purpose in life. However, in Frankenstein’s case, he doesn’t decide to seek revenge immediately. Instead, he tries to live out his existence alone before he decides to go after his creator. This happens when he is not able to live at the cabin, and then he looks to Victor as a cohort, which is his attempt to mitigate the suffering in his depressing existence.
9. Both characters have gone through tremendous suffering because of the situation each of them were put in, and each of them goes a little mad due to the situation. Hamlet is questioning his own sanity in the story, but he does believe that he should seek revenge for his father’s death. This indecisiveness, however, is the characteristic of a sane person, who is taking very close consideration to what they might be about to do. Frankenstein, on the other hand, is very decisive about what he intends to do. He essentially cowers to being inactive in taking action against his creator. But he is the maker of his own demise, and this leads the reader to not have sympathy for Frankenstein, but Hamlet does gain the audience’s sympathy.
10. Even the characters around Hamlet seem to have some pity for him. But he isn’t being told the whole story by those who say they are his friend. Many of them may keep appearances, but then actually are platting his death. This is shown when Claudius says “liberty is full of threats to all,” and “[Hamlet’s] providence [he and the queen] should have kept short, restrain’d and out of haunt, this mad young man: but so much was our love, we would not understand what was most fit” (20). This line shows that Claudius is pretending to have pity for Hamlet, but the reader knows that Claudius is a murderer, even though he is devising this façade for the queen. This reveals to the reader that Claudius doesn’t have remorse for killing his brother in cold blood. The falsity is furthered by Hamlet’s so-called friends when they go to England with him. They say that they are concerned about his mental well-being, but it becomes clear that they are lying after it is shown that Claudius intends to murder Hamlet in England because of his suspicion that Hamlet knows about him killing his father and that Hamlet will attempt to take Claudius’ life. It is ironic that, in the end, it is the so-called friends of Hamlet that are executed by English authorities.
11. On the other hand, Frankenstein is genuinely pitied by his friends and family. They would sit next to his bed and help him when he was feeling sick. They were also informed by him that Clerval was somewhat understanding of the fact that he was crazy. “When he observed me more attentively, he saw a wildness in m eyes for which he could not account, and my loud, unrestrained, heartless laughter frightened and astonished him” (46). This wasn’t when Frankenstein was coughing up blood onto the bed sheets that surrounded him, or when he was vomiting in his bed pan. Furthermore, unlike Claudius, who is a stone-cold killer, Clerval pities Frankenstein and he nurses him back to being healthy again, and this happened on several occasions. Clerval actually nurses Frankenstein back to health after he is found washed up on shore. Actually, Kirwin declares that Frankenstein is innocent of murder, and he cares for him like a Clerval. And he also examines his letters and writes to Frankenstein’s family to let them know about how he is doing.
12. All in all, these two novels both expound suffering of the family members’ losses. The death of Hamlet’s father made him want to avenge his father. Therefore, he paid the high price for it. More people died in this situation, even himself. Similarly, Frankenstein created a monster without gave him love and care, so the monster killed Frankenstein’s family members in order to gain revenge. This is the same as Hamlet. They both died just like their family members in the end.
A. Write a sentence that summarizes the point of your paragraph. What is the main argument in the paragraph?
1. In this paragraph, I am describing what the essay is about before making a thesis statement about the common fact that death becomes a central part of each story. I need to improve the grammar and the strength of my thesis statement. I will improve this by having better adjectives in my thesis statement.
2. In this paragraph I am discussing the complications that are experienced by Hamlet and why he is seeking revenge. I need to be a bit more clear about why he was once a good person, and now he is facing ethical challenges. I will do this by showing that killing his uncle is necessary.
3. I’m trying in this paragraph to explain the difficulties of having to make harsh. Decisions, I am showing that they don’t always pan out. I need to improve my transition here from speaking about the issue related to making tough decisions, and actually executing them. I also need to improve the academic tone. I’ll do this by tightening up the text to make it flow better.
4. I’m trying to link in this paragraph the desires of the two authors. I could make what I am saying more clear for the reader to understand. I could also improve the active voice in my sentences. I will provide a better example of how the authors are aiming for the same things.
5. In this paragraph I am talking about Frankenstein and the fact that career shouldn’t be everything. I need to improve the flow of the sentences and the example of Frankenstein that I use. I will do this by talking more about what he did in order to create the monster.
6. In this paragraph I was trying to show how much Frankenstein is like real people. I need to improve the grammar in this paragraph and I need to make more clear what I mean. I’ll do this by tightening up the writing by getting rid of confusing words.
7. In this paragraph I am trying to link the two stories more. I need to improve the examples of revenge. I also need to improve some of the punctuation errors. I will do this by providing clearer examples of why the characters are seeking revenge.
8. In this paragraph I’m talking about how each character that is the victim of revenge created their own demise. I need to improve the active voice in this paragraph and the transition between the two stories. I will do this by getting rid of a sentence and replacing it with a better transition.
9. I’m talking about the characters’ sanity in this paragraph. I need to improve the use of adjectives and the examples given. I will do this by using an example of Hamlets madness that shows the conflict he is feeling inside.
10. In this paragraph I am showing the similarities in the two characters in the pity they did and didn’t receive. I need to be more clear that I am comparing pity in this paragraph, and I need to shorten my sentences. I will do this by mentioning pity in the opening sentence.
11. Here, I am showing more of the pity that Frankenstein is experiencing. I need to explain more of the back story so that the reader understands. I also need to describe more of what Frankenstein was thinking when he was washed up. I can improve this by being clearer about the situation when he washed up on the beach.
12. In this paragraph I am trying to combine the two stories in a concise summary. I need to improve the seamless transition between plots, and the summary to the essay. I will do this by reviewing some of what was covered in the essay.