The advent of information technology has resulted in the increase of cybercrimes. Given the proliferation of cyber assault, critical infrastructure and other significant sectors in America project an increased risk of operational breaches. Critical infrastructure such as hydropower companies and the banking sector make some of the most risk-averse sectors to cyber security breaches. With the prevalence of cyber-attacks, different mitigation strategies will need to be engaged.
Firstly, the relevant stakeholders have to come up with legislations that will effectively address the need for this critical infrastructure. Once the policies have been formulated, they will have to be enforced on all the different stakeholders. It would be vital for stakeholders such as the defense and banking sector to incorporate such policy frameworks in their operations (Bucci, Rosenzweig, & Inserra, 2013). This is because they form some of the basic targets for cyber-attacks. This way, all the involved personnel will have insight on the need to invest in cyber security. Another aspect to consider is the addition of staff and personnel to play the role of mitigating cyber-attacks in the critical sectors of defense and banking. The increased workforce will ensure that these institutions have all the infrastructure covered, while at the same contributing towards innovation. This innovation could be important in addressing cyber security.
Constant and repeated assessments have to be carried out to give the management insight to their cyber defense systems (Bucci, Rosenzweig, & Inserra, 2013). People can engage a range of security frameworks depending on the nature of results needed from the assessments. The assessments will ensure that cyber defense systems are up to date while at the same time revealing the vulnerable points. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]
The National Guard and Active Duty security provide reserve units that could be employed should there be a national or international attack. The important factor to consider is the interests of the United States. Some of the events that the National Guards played a role in mitigating include the Hurricane Katrina. Even though these units are designed for emergency response, they are still subject to some limitations and freedoms.
It would be vital to note that the National Guard is under the direct control of the State Governors. This makes the Governors directly responsible for the distribution of resources, for which these units would use during the disasters (Inserra, et al., 2013). The National Guards and Active Duty should be given the mandate to conduct their efforts based on state policies. This means that the units would have the freedom to make critical choices in the event of a catastrophe. This means that the commanders of these units should be able to make the final decisions based on the nature of relief support to offer. The actions of the commanders will need to be aligned with the States Statutes. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]
In addition, these units should be allowed to engage all the available resources to enhance relief support (Kapucu, 2011). This should also apply to the Active Duty as they also play vital roles during disasters. Even though the suggestion is that these units be given the freedom to make decisions, there is a need for an oversight body. The body will ensure that the commanders make sound decisions regardless of the prevailing conditions. They should also be in a position to determine the kind of events for which they are to intervene. For instance, if the event is not catastrophic then they should let the respective response units handle the situations. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]
Natural events such as hurricanes, storms, and floods have been known to have severe effects on the environment such as destruction of communication initiatives. These effects further limit the capacity of rescue and mitigation efforts provided by different stakeholders. For stakeholders to ensure that communication errors are mitigated in such cases, there is the need to have effective frameworks. Communication factors are key in the prevention of the adverse crisis during disasters.
To make this effective, there is need to develop a network path diversity framework (Richards, 2015). Network path diversity is one of the ways through which people can reduce the frequency of communication failures. This aspect involves the use of more than one network connection or different paths in communication. It becomes vital that the diverse network paths be secured and durable so that it remains functional even after a wind disaster.
Another option that could be used to mitigate communication failures is the prioritization of circuit boards for outbound calls. Such calls could include the ones made during disasters such as Storms and Hurricanes (Richards, 2015). In many Hurricane events, network congestion poses the biggest hindrance towards communication. The fact that many people attempt to communicate jams the channels hence communication failure. A simple solution to this congestion would be the installation of Ad-hoc networks. These systems rely on the use of fiber-like connectivity to guarantee communication especially for the emergency response units (Richards, 2015). In addition, it becomes important that critical communication point in each state be established to reduce the chances of communication failures. This way, the response units and some people will still communicate during disasters such as hurricanes.
International agreements refer to the actions taken by countries to reach decisions aimed at serving their respective interests. The United States uses these agreements to protect its diverse interests. Currently, there is unrest in the Middle East and some African countries. These conflicts pose a threat to the US as it enhances its susceptibility to cyber and terror attacks on its existent infrastructure. In addition, these agreements are also aimed at the protection of a country’s infrastructure from external threats.
For instance, the Iran-US Nuclear production agreement curtails the production of weapons that could be used to produce weapons. It is a common understanding that nuclear weapons pose a big threat to the United States infrastructure (Keiswetter, 2012). This means that such an agreement has been used to protect the United States from any attack by Iran while using the nuclear program.
In addition, these international agreements also provide a platform through which the involved nations can share information on different projects. In many cases, these cases are those deemed harmful to the stability of critical infrastructure. The involved countries usually use the agreements to stress the importance of collecting information that could be used to mitigate the effects of an attack. In many US agreements, it tends to extend information drawn from the intelligence initiatives to their partner countries. The US also returns the favor by the provision of intelligence on impending threats to the countries involved in the agreement (Keiswetter, 2012).[“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]
The International Agreements are also an indication of the friendliness with which to countries can co-exist. In many cases, it represents stability and sophistication while indication the dedication towards supporting each other. With international agreements such with the Middle East and African countries, the United States can easily address the social welfare of the residents. In return, it helps reduce the level of animosity between the country residents and the United States.
Bucci, S., Rosenzweig, P., & Inserra, D. (2013, April 1). A Congressional Guide: Seven Steps to U.S. Security, Prosperity, and Freedom in Cyberspace. Retrieved October 16, 2016, from Heritage:
Inserra, S. B., David, Lesser, J., Mayer, M. A., Spencer, J., & Tubb, K. (2013). After Hurricane Sandy: Time to Learn and Implement the Lessons in Preparedness, Response and Resilience. New York: Homeland Security.
Kapucu, N. (2011). The Role of the Military in DisasterResponse in the U.S. European Journal of Economic and Political Studies, 4(2), 7-16.
Keiswetter, A. L. (2012, January 3). The Arab Spring: Implications for US Policy and Interests.Retrieved October 16, 2016, from Middle East Institute:
Richards, C. (2015, November 12). When Communications Infrastructure Fails During a Disaster.Retrieved October 16, 2016, from DIisaster Recovery Journal: