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Population growth: Developing vs. Developed countries
Why do populations grow so differently in developed and developing nations?
Developing countries often account for a majority of the growth in the world’s total population. This is because developing countries have the following characteristics; high birth rates that are influenced by the minimal use of modern forms of family planning. Majority of its population being young people with high fertility rates, while developed countries have increasingly low fertility rates and a population made up of older people past their childbearing years (Haub, 2012).
Levels of education are much higher in developed countries, meaning that the use of birth control is much more prevalent than in developing countries and the age at which their youth enter childbearing years is much higher as well. The variations in life expectancies are the third reason for the demographic divide, with developing countries having a lower life expectancy than that of developed countries (Haub, 2012). [Click Essay Writer to order your essay]
Do both developed and developing nations contribute to environmental damage equally?
Yes. Countries’ contribution to environmental damage should be measured against the efforts made to correct some of the adverse effects. A developing country causing little environmental damage with no corrective action is probably more to blame for the overall damage than a developed country that has measures in place to correct some of the damage caused by its industries (Kirby, 2013). Also of importance is the amount of harm that can be attributed to the meeting of a country’s primary need as a factor in apportioning responsibility for environmental harm. A country that goes well above this level, whether it is a developed or developing country is equally to blame. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]
Although historically, developed countries had an earlier start to industrialization making use of processes that used high emission technology and therefore caused initial damage to the environment, developing countries have had the advantage of using modern advanced technology that emits less Co2 while still giving the same output levels.
It is, therefore, incorrect to use cumulative historical emissions which do not take into account technological changes that give developing countries an advantage (Kirby, 2013). [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]
Haub, C. (2012). Fact Sheet: World Population Trends 2012.
Kirby, A. (2013, September 17). Are developing nations equally to blame for climate change? | Climate Home – climate change news.