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Overfishing has become an endemic problem that has garnered very little public attention since it is not as obvious compared to environmental pollution; however, it can be just as devastating and will have dire consequences for future generations on the planet. The problem stems from the unsustainable nature of the current practices utilized wherein more than 85 percent of fisheries worldwide have been pushed to the breaking point (Fromentin & Powers, 2005). Fish populations need to be at a certain level to be adequately self-sustaining. Unfortunately, the sheer level of demand by the global market has resulted in numerous species being pushed to the brink of extinction. For example, due to the sheer level of demand for Atlantic Blue Fin Tuna, the future of the species is in serious doubt by marine biologists. While it is true that the fishing industry could help to alleviate the strain by shifting to other types of fish, they are unwilling to do so since there is insufficient consumer demand to justify such an action (Fromentin & Powers, 2005). [Click Essay Writer to order your essay]
The main culprit, in this case, is not the fishing industry; instead, it is the everyday consumer who continues to demand a product that cannot be sustained in its current form. This is an environmental hazard that people should be concerned about since its connection to consumers makes it hard to implement sufficient limits on the amount of fish caught on particular regional industries when companies from other regions will pick up the slack. To resolve this problem, what is needed is a concerted global effort by multiple governments to implement stricter limits on the amount of fish that are caught beyond what is already in place; this is especially required for species like the Blue Fin Tuna that are nearing extinction. However, the primary ethical consideration that should be taken into account is that the populations of many third world countries rely on fish as a main staple in their diet. Implementing stricter catch limits will result in higher prices for fish in the market which would adversely impact these poorer populations. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]
Industrialization of China
The main foreseeable outcome of rapid industrialization in China is the onset of more cases of lung disease appearing in the local Chinese populace, specifically those located in cities or near designated industrial areas. The problem with China is that there have been insufficient regulatory efforts in the country to curb its growing air pollution problem. Unlike in the United States or Western Europe, there is little in the way of significant government oversight when it comes to factory discharges or a limit on the number of cars that can be on the road. These factors, combined with a population that outstrips that of the United States and Western Europe, creates a perfect recipe for a disaster in the making.
Evidence of the worsening air pollution situation in China was noted on December 25, 2015, when dense smog, caused by a build up of polluted air, blanketed Beijing causing visibility to plummet and people to shut themselves in their homes. Unfortunately, this was not a “once in a blue moon” event with polluted smog blanketing the city regularly occurring during this particular season given the weather conditions in the region. The number of people with lung cancer has also rapidly risen in the past decade with cities like Beijing experiencing an increase of more than 50 percent (Xu, Pu, He, Liu, Qi, & Du, 2016). The build of particulates in the air as a result of motor vehicles, factory emissions and lack of sufficient ventilation in many Chinese homes are considered as the primary culprits behind the significant increase in lung diseases in Beijing and other major cities in the region. This is indicative of a worsening air pollution scenario occurring within the country and shows the negative impact that rapid industrialization without sufficient government oversight or pollution controls can have on a country’s populace.
The current scientific consensus on climate disruption is that human activity over the last half of the twentieth had an adverse impact on the Earth’s natural environment. Current projections on temperature increases by the scientific community reveal that, if pollution levels in the atmosphere are not addressed soon, it may cause global temperatures to rise by 3 to 12 degrees or more in the next 50 years which will have a disastrous impact on numerous eco-systems (Grillakis, Koutroulis, & Tsanis, 2016). Industrial activity from factories and coal-fueled power plants as well as the sheer amount of fossil fuel burning cars has released a substantial amount of greenhouse gasses into the atmosphere. Current studies examining the impact of increased amounts of carbon dioxide in the air have shown that it actively traps heat from the Sun within Earth’s lower atmosphere instead of allowing it to dissipate in the upper atmosphere. Increased industrial activity has caused more carbon dioxide to be trapped and, as such, it can be reasonably concluded that this is the primary reason behind global warming.
Counter-arguments to this claim state that the Sun is merely entering into a more active phase in its own cycle resulting in higher levels of energy being released. This, supposedly, has caused temperatures to increase on Earth and is completely natural. However, what these arguments fail to take note of is that the record-breaking temperatures experienced in numerous regions have been growing at the same pace as the rapid industrialization of several countries around the world. This is indicative of more than just a mere “coincidence” and shows the connection between pollution levels in the atmosphere and global warming. As such, I do support the theory that the Earth is warming due to human activities, and it is likely that, if nothing is done to curb the current rate of pollution, various eco-systems around the world could experience irreparable harm.[“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]
Tropical Rain Forests
The cutting of tropical rain forests in developing countries is often due to the need for more farmland. These countries often utilize inferior agricultural methods when compared to their developed counterparts and, as a result, often need to use more land to produce the same amount of fruits, vegetables or grains. One way in which the United States and other developed countries can help to resolve the issue of tropical forests being cut down is to provide financial and technical assistance in enabling developing countries to improve their current agricultural practices. This can come in the form of subject matter experts teaching their agricultural agency how to produce crops in smaller areas and providing the necessary technology to accomplish this feat. The problem with attempting to make the cutting down of tropical rain forests punishable by international sanctions is that this neglects to take into consideration the sheer amount of people that would go hungry as a result of this decision. This is why, to resolve this political and ethical issue, it is better to teach a country how to properly use their land rather than outright tell them not to clear cut a forest.
Fromentin, J., & Powers, J. E. (2005). Atlantic blue-fin tuna: population dynamics, ecology, fisheries and management. Fish & Fisheries, 6(4), 281-306
Grillakis, M., Koutroulis, A., & Tsanis, I. (2016). The 2 °C global warming effect on summer European tourism through different indices. International Journal Of Biometeorology, 60(8), 1205-1215.
Xu, H., Pu, J., He, J., Liu, J., Qi, B., & Du, R. (2016). Characteristics of Atmospheric Compositions in the Background Area of Yangtze River Delta during Heavy Air Pollution Episode. Advances In Meteorology, 1.