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Psychiatric Mental Health Practitioners In Rural Areas For Those With Depression

Psychiatric Mental Health Practitioners In Rural Areas For Those With Depression

A psychiatric-mental health practitioner provides mental care to patients with mental illness. Mental disorders are detected according to the analytical and numerical manual of mental disorders. The large category of mental health includes the mild to severe in range. In America, approximately one in five adults are diagnosed with any mental illness, with one-half of the teens experiencing the same. Mental illness is also linked with substance abuse. Most adults who abuse drugs are at risk of having this disorder.

Consequently, adolescents who use substances are at risk of having a mental health issue. Psychiatric mental health practitioners perform almost the same role as doctors. They are qualified to conduct an assessment, diagnosis, and evaluation. Their training and practices vary in different states. In some states, they have full practice authority, while in others, they have to work under the guidance of physicians. Under patient’s care, they also perform this role; Educating the patient and the family, prescribing treatment plans including medication, leading psychotherapy sessions, and coordinating services for health components. This paper will cover the role of psychiatric mental health practitioner outcomes in rural areas for an individual with depression. It also explores the theme, concept, or place in-depth (Andrilla, Moore & Patterson, (2019).

Depression and anxiety are the two common types of mental illness affecting almost one-quarter of the general population of America. Of the people involved, less than half always seek medical attention. However, they face challenges such as economic hardship, stigmatization, and gaps in insurance coverage. One of the solutions to overcome the challenges is by using family nurse practitioners. Mental health can be defined as a state of successful performance of cognitive functions leading to productivity.


On the contrary, a mental disorder is a state where one alters their thinking, mood, or behavior. Schizophrenia affects more than two million people in Us. According to the survey, mental health disorder is ranked the fourth highest in rural areas. It was chosen as the pinnacle rural health precedence by the health organizations after the nationwide survey. In the towns and rural areas, mental illness spread at almost the same rate; they involve roughly twenty percent of the total inhabitants. For adolescent children, it was estimated to affect the range between 9 and 17. Mental disorders always come as a  result of some severe disability or other health-related issues. Mental disorders always strike earlier than other chronic diseases between the periods of teens to the mid-twenties. The rate of prevalence of the recent mental diseases was similar in both urban and rural areas. People in the rural areas with this mental disorder are less likely to report for medical care attention than people in urban places.

Challenges in the rural places

Underutilization of mental health equipment has been realized to be a setback towards fighting the mental disorder. Over the recent reviews, rural areas have been using lower medical features than urban areas. Outpatient health services are established to be lower in the countryside than in municipal sectors. Those who manage to have visited have fewer or no related mental patients. This was estimated yearly. The inconsistency in rural inpatient visits is distinct. Another disparity is that patients are likely to have their treatment met in rural areas than in urban sectors. Studies show that this is associated with poverty, minority status, and age, thus low possibilities of receiving mental health care (Pesut, Hooper, Jacobsen, Nielsen, Falk &O‘Connor, (2017). Black people and the rural populace under-utilize health services and tend to ask for aid later when the condition is in its worst state. This difference in under-utilization between black and white reflects a cultural difference in dealing with mental illness. Elderly adults face challenges in accessing health facilities. A study in River Delta county shows that youths who face depressive signs have fewer visits to physicians than emergency rooms, public health clinics, and school-based clinics. Such kind of utilization calls for better ways of setting health sectors with well-established health providers.

Nationally estimated,20 percent of adolescent brood go through expressive and behavioral disorders. Almost11 percent experienced considerable health impairment, 5 percent extreme health functional impairment with 10-15 percent having symptoms of depression at any time; 9 to 13 percent of youth suffer from emotional disturbance 15 to 24 are reported to have minimal treatment for severe mental illness. Rural children are disadvantaged when receiving health treatment (Danielsen, Sand, Rosland&Førland, (2018). This is according to studies that show that rural youths receive lesser mental treatment than urban youths. This can be relative because of not having a psychiatrist or inadequate children psychiatrist. The great study of youth found out that; it is in the rural areas where children with mental illnesses receive various services from different organizations, yet they are still less likely to use these services. Depression, anxiety, and psychological factors are proven to be associated with mental illness.

Depression is also linked with the cause of early mortality among fast heart attack survivors. Morbidity is frequently caused by depression. According to the Us report, the leading cause of disability is depression. Elderly patients with depression have comorbidity to other acute or chronic illnesses. Patient with stroke has the highest prevalence of depression. Recent reports show that unprocessed mental turmoil can cause difficulties during the treatment of physical orders, leading to fatality. Another study at Arkansas state hospital shows that vicious and violent behaviors are higher for patients from rural areas. Inadequate health facilities in the countryside may also delay entry into health care services until the behavior is more serious. Substances abuse, particularly in rural areas, was related to a high rate of hostility.

Several factors induce the effects of mental health disorders on mortality. Suicide is the leading among children of 10 to age. The third in the list is an age bracket of 15 to 24, and the second-highest leading in the list is 25 to 34. Suicidal cases are many in the rural areas, with more culprits being males and children. It is even more prominent for adult males who live in less populated non-metropolitan countries (Berndt, Murray, Kennedy, Stanley & Gilbert-Hunt,  (2017). Most of the suicidal cases increase with age. Hence it becomes a significant problem as one grows with it. More than one mental disorder is already putting an individual at risk of committing suicide. Depression and excessive use of alcohol catalyze the chances of suicide. People diagnosed with bipolar disorder and who stay in rural areas are at greater risk of suicide than those in the urban sector. Other scenarios that may lead to suicide include mood disarray like melancholy and bipolar disorder (Powers,  Bardsley, Cypress, Funnell, Harms, Hess-Fischl, &Uelmen, (2021).

Due to stigmatization and barriers to accessing mental health treatment of these problems, one may be unwilling to seek help, thus opting for suicide. Rural areas depend on collections from formal or informal care to receive health care services. This may include the following people; counselors, physicians, and home nursing staff. There is an evident deficit of health suppliers together with health centers in countryside areas. Twenty percent of rural countries lack health facilities, while there is around five percent of the total health facilities in metro countries. The national description of mental health expert deficit is that rural areas suffer inexplicably from this shortage of cerebral health providers compared to urban places.


Rural people have greater chances of using prime care practitioners for mental needs. This is especially for the deprived, the aged minorities, problem drinkers, and gravely mentally ill individuals. Studies show that physicians who work in the rural sectors play a key role than even those in the urban sectors. This may be associated with the limited number of health professionals in these places and the problem of stigmatization related to mental illness. Dealing of mental illness by primary practitioners face a number of challenges that include; Inadequate mental health knowledge in their training schools or citizenship, partial time for enough practice essential for running challenging cases, failure to detect a mental disorder, heavy patient caseload, minimal visits for patients by friends and relatives, lack of time for guidance and counseling and lack of an expertized support.

Whilst referrals for professionals are available; there still appear to be some obstacles to making such referrals. Idiosyncratic standards are the process of determining the perfect time for referring a patient to a specialist. There are concerns about stigma and the patients’ unwillingness to use providers for mental health. The perceived social stigma and the lack of secrecy may prevent one from seeking medical attention. Rural environments, therefore, have less confidentiality, and this holds many patients to receive health services. Rural people are also less likely to perceive the need for medical attention compared to urban individuals. People with depression in rural areas perceive less availability of ease of access to mental health cure and consultation sectors. The stigma associated with seeking mental health has been identified to be the frequent barrier for rural residents than the urban residents (Grant,  Smith, Newett, Nash, Turner & Owen, (2021).

In other research, primary care physicians may consciously underdiagnose psychological infirmity. The bucolic medical doctor may detect depression but are hesitant to make a proper diagnosis because of stigmatization and doubt regarding the patient’s probability of accepting their situations and vulnerability. In some instances, coding for patient visits may be adjusted. Nurse practitioners, among other primary care providers, are and physicians assistants are less like primary care physicians to see the patients with depression and recommend antidepressants or treat them, devoid of giving them any referrals. Increased occurrence of this non-physician primary care in rural vicinity can translate into greater health treatment resources. This scarcity of mental health suppliers is viewed in the countryside as both disadvantageous and advantageous. The gaps in essential services arise as a result of the coordination that undermines mental health care.

However, anxiety such as depression is stress-related to economic hardships. In the 1980s, the farm crisis or losing a great employer in your industry could cause mental health. Studies find out that depression is more common in farming communities during this period of farming crisis, and providers should attend to such issues at the community or individual level. Stressful life is more risk for attracting suicide.


            Among the problems affecting rural health sectors, some solutions are processed; one, there is a need to identify the shortages of the health facilities. Secondly, attracting health professionals depend on the controlled behavioral health care plan. Rural mental health care workers should receive adequate training for their work. There should be larger dependence on primary care practitioners for mental fitness, the linkage amid PCPs and mental specialists should be improved, and then lastly, improved outreach and informal support should be highly valued. There should be strategies placed that are aimed towards attracting mental professionals in rural areas. To achieve this, one can provide the current supplied information and where the mental health experts can be found easily. This will enable them to be more certain, accurate, and available. Local health centers are key in mental health, and it remains a source of mental health services in most rural areas. Failure suggests that services to the poor can be advanced by financing changes and regulations.

Psychiatric Mental Health Practitioners In Rural Areas For Those With Depression

Consequently, the increased availability of social workers and appropriate licensure can enhance the community mental health centers’ staffing (Berndt, Murray, Kennedy, Stanley & Gilbert-Hunt,  (2017). Telehealth also plays a mental service delivery. Positive feedbacks have been given from recent experience with telepsychiatry. The additional interpersonal relationship that has come with it is also highly valued by the clients and the providers. In the same many telemental health networks have succeeded, this has included direct psychiatric: Training crisis, medication management. Life in rural lacks metropolitan living. Despite this, research has shown high prevalence rates of depression and anxiety disorders that have thus led to higher suicide rates. Treatment of these disorders remains an important challenge nationwide. The shortages of health services have been the core of all problems. Most patients with a high rate of depression and anxiety do not receive high-quality treatment. This indicates that the quality of health care may be an issue in both areas.

As discussed earlier, mental disorders and mental health are problematic in rural areas. This occurs mostly by malfunction to recognize such symptoms at an in the early hours, lack of funds. Mental illness occurs to people of all ages, men, women, and children. Some groups of people appear disadvantageous in receiving such treatment; this includes; children, the elderly, groups of minorities, African Americans, and others. These components, together with the stressful profession and not being acquainted with mental illness, catalyzes the problem even more. It is therefore important that the rural practitioners receive training in mental health regularly to be able to face the new challenges.


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By Hanna Robinson

Hanna has won numerous writing awards. She specializes in academic writing, copywriting, business plans and resumes. After graduating from the Comosun College's journalism program, she went on to work at community newspapers throughout Atlantic Canada, before embarking on her freelancing journey.

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