Newspaper reporting on Government Bills Introduced and Passed in the House of Commons

Sample by My Essay Writer

Parliament is mainly tasked with the role of making laws; as a result, a major portion of the time taken in parliament is used in the legislative process. Stages involved in the legislative process include the proposal of a bill, its formulation, and eventual drafting. The Canadian legal process is more or less similar to the model used in Britain where the process was clearly defined, and bills underwent distinct stages in the Senate and House of Commons before becoming law (Parliament of Canada, 2015). However, before a Bill is brought into force, democracy requires the process of civic education to take place and ensure citizens understand the implications of the law. Consequently, newspaper reporting plays a significant role in informing people of the bills introduced and passed in the House of Commons. Clearly, the question is of vital importance since it expresses whether the newspaper reporting in the Globe and Mail adequately informs Canadians by equipping them with the capacity to participate in democratic debates. In consequence, this discussion will show how much of the legislation debated and passed in the House of Commons is discussed in the Globe and Mail.

Before a bill is passed into law, several stages in the House of Commons and Senate are brought into play. First is the notice of motion for leave to introduce a bill and to place it on the Order Paper after which the paper is taken through an introduction and first reading (Parliament of Canada, 2015). Afterward, the second reading and referral to the Committee take place after which there is a consideration in the committee. Subsequently, the reporting stage ensues, which is followed by the third reading which is more or less the passage stage (Parliament of Canada, 2015). This phase is followed by the consideration of the Senate and its ultimate passage where the bill comes into force as the law of the land. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

Though not all the bills necessarily take the same route, three possible avenues could be used in the adoption of legislation. First, a member of parliament introduces a bill after appropriate notice where it is immediately given the first reading. This first stage takes the bill into debate at the second reading where it is passed and sent to the committee that studies it intensively (Parliament of Canada, 2015). The minister may also move for the bill to be referred to the committee for the second studying even before its second reading. Also, a member of parliament could take an alternate avenue and propose a motion, and the committee is instructed to prepare a bill where the bill will be taken through the second reading without amendments or debate by the committee (Library of Congress, 2016). However, regardless of the avenue used to introduce and pass the bill, it is eventually taken through a report stage where it is read and sent to the Senate for assent.

The majority of the research materials used for this analysis is adopted by Parliament of Canada website where all the bills introduced in the First Session of the 42nd Parliament are listed and described in detail. For the listed bills, the government bills are cross-referenced by date with reports made in the Globe and Mail. The library’s e-resources have been majorly instrumental in finding the newspaper reports made in regards to the bill indicating whether the democratic process is given its due regard. Any legislation mentioned in the Globe and Mail is indicated as well to show whether people are involved in the ascension process over the period.

The research process will majorly include huge comparisons of the data collected to come up with a complete picture in a table. Appropriate deductions will be made to express whether the democratic process is working and reasons as to why some of the articles may not have been indicated in the Globe and Mail. Other than that, keywords, as mentioned in the Act, have been used to search in Google thus identifying some of the bills described in the Globe and Mail database, as well as their dates to get the consensus and opinions about the government bills. Also, articles not mentioned are also researched to identify whether they are of relevance or whether people should be informed of their existence and importance to the whole picture.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

From the table indicated below, it is clear that the newspapers reports are working towards informing individuals by indicating some of the important issues in their reports. For instance, it explains why liberals are about “to repeal the controversial Bill C-24 that allowed the government to revoke the Canadian citizenship from dual citizens convicted of treason or terrorism” (Zilio, 2016, para. 2). In another example, an article in the Globe and Mail by Appleby and Mahoney (2013) indicates that under reasonable circumstances, people would be allowed to make arrests in a bid to defend themselves. Without the proper understanding of the implications of the bill, people would hardly understand that some of the citizens would be treated unfairly thus creating second-class citizens in the process. However, several legislations have not been mentioned over the period mentioned despite the need for transparency from citizens. A good example is the Bill C-25, C-4, C-16, and C-26, which may not have been transparent and needed to be mentioned within the newspaper reports for people to understand how it would affect their lives. The newspaper reports do not cover the provisions of the Bill C-16 which will influence the being of the people since it adds legal protection for gender identity and expression in the human rights of Canadians; however, the bill is a threat to the freedom of speech of citizens (Peterson, 2016). Failure to mention such a crucial piece of information is wrong and should point out such important pieces of information. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

However, the paper does not mention every precise detail of business conducted within parliament, and one has to complement with information from other databases such as The Hill. As such, it is important to note that if the paper does not report the business of parliament, political reporting in the country would be ineffective in informing people of their civil rights. In fact, it would be unconstitutional since the freedom of speech and knowledge would be suppressed. Thus the activities of parliament would be undemocratic since they do not follow the consensus. From the findings of the table below, it is clear that the newspaper reporting has been playing an active role all along to report the proceedings and the implications in the country. This shows that all the necessary bills passed on or taken through the committee for the first or second reading are also passed on to the citizens for debating. With unlimited resources (time and money) for the research, I would broaden the research and investigate whether other people individual citizens understand the implication of amendments and bills passed over time. This research will move further from indicating whether the information is passed to identifying whether the channel used to pass the news report is effective. By being effective, people will understand the exact implication of the new legislations to their lives.


Appleby, T., & Mahoney, J. (2013, March 11). New citizen’s-arrest law greeted with applause, criticism. The Globe and Mail.

Library of Congress. (2016). National parliaments: Canada.

Parliament of Canada. (2015). Legislative process.

Peterson, J. B. (2016, October 18). Canadian gender-neutral pronoun bill is a warning for Americans. The Hill.

Canada Statute Citator. (2017). Bulletin No. 34 for the period ending January 13, 2017. Toronto, ON: Thomson Reuters Canada.

Zilio, M. (2016, February 23). Liberals to repeal Bill C-24 on citizenship: Immigration minister. The Globe and Mail.


Bill number Title Status Date/dates of mention in Globe
C1 An Act respecting the administration of oaths of office Commons 1st Reading December 4, 2015
C-10 An Act to amend the Air Canada Public Participation Act and to provide for certain other measures Royal Assent May 10, 2016
C-25 An Act to amend the Canada Business Corporations Act, the Canada Cooperatives Act, the Canada Not-for-profit Corporations Act, and the Competition Act Commons 1stReading Not mentioned
C-33 An Act to amend the Canada Elections Act and to make consequential amendments to other Acts Commons 1streading November 14, 2016
C-4 An Act to amend the Canada Labour Code, the Parliamentary Employment and Staff Relations Act, the Public Service Labour Relations Act and the Income Tax Act Senate 2ndReading Not mentioned
C-26 An Act to amend the Canada Pension Plan, the Canada Pension Plan Investment Board Act and the Income Tax Act Royal Assent March 11, 2013
C-12 An Act to amend the Canadian Forces Members and Veterans Re-establishment and Compensation Act and to make consequential amendments to other Acts 1st Reading March 24, 2016
C-16 An Act to amend the Canadian Human Rights Act and the Criminal Code Senate 1streading Not mentioned
C-6 An Act to amend the Citizenship Act and to make consequential amendments to another Act Senate 2ndreading April 29, 2016
C-11 An Act to amend the Copyright Act (access to copyrighted works or other subject-matter for persons with perceptual disabilities) Royal Assent September 10, 2012; February 16, 2013
C-14 An Act to amend the Criminal Code and to make related amendments to other Acts (medical assistance in dying) Royal Assent September 13; June 20; June 6, June 17, 2016
C-242 An Act to amend the Criminal Code (inflicting torture) Commons 2ndReading
C-28 An Act to amend the Criminal Code (victim surcharge) Commons 1stReading Not mentioned**
C-21 An Act to amend the Customs Act Commons 1stReading Not mentioned
C-2 An Act to amend the Income Tax Act Royal Assent March 24, 2015; November 2, 2016
C-27 An Act to amend the Pension Benefits Standards Act, 1985 Commons 1stReading November 28, 2016
C-24 An Act to amend the Salaries Act and to make a consequential amendment to the Financial Administration Act Commons 1streading February 23, 2016
C-36 An Act to amend the Statistics Act Commons 1stReading Not mentioned
C-23 An Act respecting the preclearance of persons and goods in Canada and the United States Commons 1stReading June 17, 2016
C-18 An Act to amend the Rouge National Urban Park Act, the Parks Canada Agency Act and the Canada National Parks Act Commons Reported without amendment September 6, 2012

Retrieved from: the Globe and Mail (2017) and Reuters (2017).


Smarter Sentencing to Reduce Prison Overpopulation

Sample by My Essay Writer

One of the biggest issues with the current correctional system in America is the sheer number of criminals behind bars. Since the “war on drugs” was declared nationally in the early 1980s, national drug policies have created a state of mass incarceration in the United States. While fighting this war on drugs, the legal system has created laws that placed many non-violent criminals behind bars. Then, because of mandatory-minimum sentencing and three strikes laws, many of these convicts spent many years behind bars or were never released at all. Though the legal system in the United States has begun to offer more compassionate punishments and treatment for drug offenders, it has been difficult to implement these options because of sentencing standards put in place primarily in the 1980s. (Mauer, 2007)

In order to get a clear idea of the current situation, it is important to look at some drastic statistical changes that have taken place in the past three or four decades. According to a study by the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse (CASA) at Columbia University, drug offenses are by far the most expensive offenses for the prison system. They account for about 80 percent of state costs for prisons, parole, probation and other aid-related programs. There were 1.8 million drug-related arrests in the United States in 2005, nearly three times what it had been 25 years earlier. More than half of those arrested have no history of violence or drug trafficking. (Lawrence, 2011)[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

One of the biggest roadblocks in dealing with the mass incarceration issue in the United States is various sentencing laws that place non-violent criminals behind bars for exorbitant amounts of time. Bills were introduced in 2015 that would reduce mandatory prison sentence lengths for certain non-violent drug crimes. In a Bill introduced in 2015 as a proposed amendment to the Public Health Service Act, the Treatment and Recovery Investment Act would provide grants to improve the treatment of substance abuse disorders. This act would provide funding for treatment of those dependent on drugs. The act also reduces minimum mandatory sentences for non-violent drug crimes that do not include trafficking. (S. 1410, 2015) For example, rather than a five-year mandatory sentence for simple possession of 5 grams of crack, there would be no mandatory minimum, the sentencing would be within the purview of the judge.

In the past few decades, many states have tried to expand sentencing options in order to rectify some of the population issue. These programs may also help reduce recidivism as inmates will have an easier transition back into the outside world. In a report released by the National Conference of State Legislatures, the researchers discuss ways in which various programs have been implemented in an attempt to create more effective sentencing strategies. This places these new policies at a remove from the current ideas of being tough or soft on crime. In North Carolina has established a community-based corrections system that gives courts sentencing options like treatment programs and pre-trail release options. (Lawrence, 2011).

While these smarter sentencing options are available, they are often implemented very often or effectively. Convicts currently in prison with a history of drug use are less likely by half to be receiving treatment as they were 25 years ago. Most inmates who have entered prison within a month of doing drugs are not participating in any treatment. Just 14% in 2007, compared to 36.5% in 1991.  (Mauer, 2007)[“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

While it is important to ensure public safety by keeping dangerous, violent, habitual criminals locked up, it is also important to be fair to everyone. The bills introduced could drastically reduce the over-inflated population of prisons, help avoid excessive sentences and also reduced recidivism. However, these sentence reductions would most likely not affect the vast disparity in the treatment of African Americans. In the first decade of this century, 88 percent of the 8 million arrests for marijuana were for simple possession. These numbers have only continued to increasing, costing states over $3.6 billion to enforce marijuana possession laws. Even though studies show that Blacks and whites use roughly the same amounts of marijuana, an African American is 3.37 times more likely to be arrested for marijuana possession. (ACLU, 2013) Not only is this racial inequality a major civil rights issues, it is yet more evidence that the war on drugs has been a fiscal disaster for the United States.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

Another suggestion often made to remedy the issues with the corrections system is to change the way success is measured by law enforcement agencies. By rewarding law enforcement agents based only on the number of arrests made, agencies are encouraging quantity rather than quality. Based on the current trajectory of prison populations, it is essential that individual agencies work together with federal lawmakers to reverse and correct the mass incarceration issues in America.


ACLU. (2013). The War on Marijuana in Black and White.

Lawrence, A., & Lyons, D. (2011). Principles of Effective State Sentencing and CorrectionsPolicy. Retrieved from National Conference of State Legislatures:

Mauer, M., & King, R.S. (2007). 25-Year Quagmire: The War on Drugs and Its Impact on American Society.S. 1410, 114th Cong. (2015).

Wagner, P., & Rabuy, B. (2016). Mass Incarceration: The Whole Pie 2016.


Sample by My Essay Writer

Nurses play a significant role in oncology nursing as the practice entails the roles of direct caregivers, educators, psychosocial support, consultants, supervisor, and researchers. Health promotion in the nursing field enhances the patient’s enthusiasm towards maximum health status, while altering their lifestyle to achieve self-motivated stability of bodily, poignant, collective, divine, and logical health. Lifestyle changes can be achieved through learning experiences that promote awareness and boost the patient’s motivation. Furthermore, by exposing families and patients to opportunities and environment that makes it easy to participate in healthy practices serves as the means to the same end. Thus, this research paper aims at elaborating on the role of oncology nursing in availing care to cancer patients and families during treatment and the challenges they encounter. It also discusses the initiatives through which suffering and death due to cancer should be eliminated.

Oncology nurses offer specialist care to patients with cancer and this is extended to the patient’s families as he/she moves along the disease path starting with diagnosis to treatment and health restoration. Alternatively, the patient may enter remission, to relapse, and eventually death. Thus, the nurses should employ the nursing process in assessing the patient’s needs as well as the family needs as identified in the Oncology Nursing Society (ONS) (Wilkes & Burkes, 2013). These include early detection and prevention, providing the patients and families with the necessary information on how to cope, the right diet, and how to protect the family members. Additionally, it is imperative to assess their mobility, sexuality, and ventilation of the patients’ rooms while making sure they are properly oxygenated. More so, the nurse should identify alternative and complementary therapies, palliative, and end of life care and survivorship. Additionally, in a bid to improve and defeat cancer, the oncology nurses should use factors such as communication, community development, education on better health practices, and organizing workshop to educate the patients and families on better health practices (Forshaw, 2016). [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

Role of oncology nursing
Oncology nurses’ primary concern is the well-being of the cancer patients and their respective families by offering physical and emotional support. Cancer care requires a committed team of healthcare expert with absolute knowledge, clinical skills, and opinionated and in-depth understanding of the needs of cancer patients (Barton, Wilkes, & Ingwersen, 2001). More so, for oncology nurses to be competent in their roles, it is imperative for them to work hand in hand with the physicians, nutritionists, pharmacists, psychologists, spiritual leaders and psychiatrists in providing comprehensive care to the patients as well as their families.

According to Barton, Wilkes and Ingwersen (2001), Oncology nursing roles vary from focusing on cancer patients’ care, community screening, detection, and cancer prevention. Additionally, nurses perform an assessment of the patient who has cancer while educating them on ways to cope with the disease. It is through provision of direct patient care that nurses are able to manage cancer symptoms while providing supportive care to the patients and their families. In addition, other oncology nurses focus on improving patients care by carrying out cancer-related research conducted through clinical trials. In situations wherein care is afforded to the cancer patient, the oncology nurse has the responsibility of guaranteeing round the clock care to the patient’s “direct-care” through monitoring and observation while documenting patient’s assessment, judgments and the intervention methods used. Notably, it is the role of the oncology nurse to avail to the patients and families with accurate and consistent information regarding the course of treatment, the methods of administration, and the potential risks that might arise due to the side effects.

Further, oncology nurses play the role of patient’s advocates. They assist them in making clear, and concise decisions regarding treatments based on the patient’s goals, values, and communicating these decisions to the medical team. Precisely, it is the role of the oncology nurses to listen to and make their patients comfortable in voicing out their fears and anxieties. In addition, oncology nurses plays an important role in the research setting as he/she assists the patients in understanding the purpose of the procedure, benefits, and risks associated with it while making them aware of the impact of the procedure or treatment on their lifestyle (Barton, Wilkes &  Ingwersen, 2001).[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

Challenges Facing Oncology Nursing
Difficulty in collaborating with the various organizations specializing in the field of oncology is the main challenge facing this field of nursing. In addition, the increasing knowledge of on the safety and efficiency of the chemotherapeutic agents is a common challenge in oncology nursing as nurses are forced to administer chemotherapy in outpatient clinics, oncologists’ office, or the patient’s’ home environment. This presents oncologist with the difficulty of working with the chemotherapeutics agents in a similar manner as the research nurses and inpatient medical nurses (Barton-Burke, Wilkes, Ingwersen, & Barton-Burke, 2001).

Ethically, oncology nursing is facing a range of challenges ranging from moral uncertainty, moral dilemma, and moral suffering. The moral dilemma is a situation where the nurse is uncertain of the prognosis given to the patient by the attending physicians, thus, to avoid confusion, the nurse is forced to withhold information. Moral dilemma refers to the doctors’ aim on prolonging patient’s physiological life without considering life’s quality and disregarding the significance of informing the patient or his family thus leaving the burden to the oncology nurse.

According to Grundy (2006) body image is a challenge observed in many patients as they undergo cancer treatment especially from surgeries and chemotherapy their body structure is subject to alteration and these changes have an impact on their self-image, confidence, and sexuality confidence.

Health promotion in oncology nursing
Several health promotion strategies can be implemented in assisting cancer patients to improve their overall health conditions. These include participating in physical activities, offering nutritional support (Varricchio, 2004). Consequently, management of their healthcare providers and medical regimens while adjusting their lifestyle. Physical activities comprise of taking strolls, riding bikes, and swimming while the nutritionist advised them on the significance of eating fruits, vegetables, diet supplements, and avoidance of foods with additives.

Varrichio (2004) asserts that access to health care and medication is of paramount to the cancer patient. Thus, an emphasis is placed on communication, as it is fundamental in coordinating care among consultant and cancer- care providers as the patient moves through the trajectory of cancer treatment and beyond. Finally, in a bid to promote their health, cancer patients are advised to perform some adjustment in their lifestyle such as stress avoidance, energy conservation, and requesting for assistance. Stress and energy conservation is achieved when the patient participates in activities such as yoga, relaxation exercises, and acupuncture.

In conclusion, it is imperative for nurses to educate the community on the importance of undergoing the cancer-screening process. The process gives nurses an opportunity to educate individuals on the necessary behaviors in reducing risks, and the symptoms to watch out for. Thus, giving nurses greater chances of detecting cancer-related disease in its early stages and warranting better chances of outliving the disease as opposed to the later stages, thus, lowering cancer death rate. Additionally, nurses and physicians should have a clear line of communication to avoid misinforming the patients on their prognosis and finally, patients and families should be educated on health promotion strategies.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]


Barton. B. M., Wilkes. G., & Ingwersen, K., (2001). Cancer chemotherapy: a nursing process 
approach (3rd ed., pp. 18-20). Sudbury:  Jones and Bartlett Publishers

Grundy, M, (2006). Nursing in hematological oncology. (2nd ed., pp. 464- 467). Edinburgh:
Baillie`re Tindall Elsevier

Forshaw, M, (2016). Principles of Health Promotion: International Journal of Health Promotion 
and Education, 54 (4): 204

Wilkes. G., & Burke. M. (2013). Oncology nursing drug handbook Cincinnati, Ohio: Jones &
Bartlett Learning

Varricchio, C. (2004). A cancer source book for nurses. (8th ed., pp. 45-49). Sudbury, Mass:
Jones and Bartlett Publishers


Sample by My Essay Writer

Human services aim at meeting basic human needs of needy people. The poor, the disabled, and other vulnerable groups in the society are entitled to many social welfare programs that aim at giving them better lives (Benefits.gov, n.d.). Social welfare programs offer services such as housing, education, and health services for vulnerable groups.

Jane, as a 24-year-old single mother of two children aged four and two, is entitled to various social welfare programs. The fact that she is a homeless single mother living in a church shelter qualifies her for housing assistance from the Federal Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) (Benefits.gov, n.d.). This program targets people with large families who have very minimal – the unemployed or people with limited income due to disability.

Jane also qualifies for the Federal Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program through state agencies (Benefits.gov, n.d.). She is unemployed and has two children who solely depend on her. The program offers financial and in-kind assistance to poor and needy Americans.[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

Jane and her two children are also eligible for the social assistance for single parents program. The program is funded by the federal government and targets single parents who are not engaged in any meaningful occupation and are not eligible for registration under the Job Plus Act (Benefits.gov, n.d.).

Jane and her family are also entitled to the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), was previously known as the Food Stamp program, and the WIC program that offer supplemental nutritional assistance to the poor (Benefits.gov, n.d.). Lack of household income and her dwindling financial reserves qualify her for this program. The WIC program limits itself to children less than five years of age.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

Jane and her children are also eligible for the Medicaid program that offers medical cover for low income and poor American households. The program will help her and her two children to get free access to health care (Benefits.gov, n.d.). It is funded by the federal government in conjunction with state governments.[“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

I would recommend that Jane applies to all the mentioned social welfare programs. These programs will allow her to take good care of her two young children and herself before she finds a job.


Benefits.gov. (n.d.). Living Assistance.


Sample by My Essay Writer

Electricity Gasoline Wood Solar Natural Gas
Day 1
Lights – 6 hrs
Computers – 7 hrs
TV’s  – 2 hrs
Heating – set at  72F
Drove to the food store. 8 miles total None None Cooking (1hr)
Day 2
Lights – 6 hrs
Computers-16 hrs
TV – 3 hrs
Heating –set  at 72 F
Laundry – washed 3 loads
Drove to the pharmacy and food store 11 miles total. None None Cooking (1 hr)
Dryer- 2hrs
Day 3
Lights – 6 hrs
Computers- 2 hrs
Heating – set at 72 F
Drove to pick mum from place of work and to the food store. 11 miles total None None
3- day cost estimate (optional)
Divide monthly bills (30-day cost) by 10 to get an average
$27.50 $29 $0 $0 $4.17

I will be adjusting the thermostat to 63F while no one is in the house to minimize the energy use. I have realized that it consumes most of my energy whenever no one is in the house. Most of the situations in which people are not in the house include when I am in school and headed to pick my mother from her place of work. I believe that making this adjustment will be effective as it will mean lower energy use by the time I get back to the house. [Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

Watching Television
I have been watching the television until late night, and this could form part of the high-energy bill served to the house. With an effort to reduce the energy costs, I intend to start switching off the television whenever I am not watching it in addition to reducing the overall television watching hours. I feel that watching television three hours a day should be limited as I have other electronic gadgets such as a tablet and laptop. I could use these electronic devices as alternatives to the television given the fact that they rely on stored power rather than direct connection to electricity. I also noticed that my television is analog and lacks the automatic switch off option. I intend to deal with this by upgrading to a newer model with an energy saving feature and the automatic turn off option.

I am making many trips picking my mother and to the food store and I feel that this increases my fuel expenses. The ideal way to achieve this would be by collecting food in bulk and storing it in the house. This would reduce the average mileage covered on a daily basis to acquire foodstuff. Instead of picking my mother from work on a daily basis, she could just carpool with her workmates. This way, I will get to reduce the fuel expenses associated with picking her from her workplace. In addition, she will only get to use the family car on the day when she drives her coworkers to work. In this case, if she gets to carpool with her friends then I could just pass by the stores and buy food on my way home. This way, I could take advantage of the drive from school and stock up the fridge with a week’s long food.

Upon the analysis of the house chores, I noticed some activities that consume lots of energy such as laundry and lighting among many others. The washing machine has the energy saving sticker, but I still feel that I could do more to save on energy. The ideal way to accomplish this would be by choosing a single day for doing all laundry to ensure it utilizes water and energy for all clothes. I feel that this will not only save on the time but the energy consumed by the washing machine as well. This laundry will include the clothes of all family members so that the energy saving is maximized. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

Energy saving light bulbs
The use of LED light bulbs has proved energy efficient, and that would make a perfect replacement for my existent incandescent light bulbs. My high electricity bills could be attributed to the use of incandescent bulbs as I have seen advertisements that state the new LED bulbs consume lower energy as compared to the incandescent bulb designs. I have been noting many offers at the supermarket attributed to the go green movement, and this would be important in helping me achieve this goal.

As one might see, these changes are likely to make substantial changes to the energy expenses in the household. They will not only change the expenses in the short term but the long term as well. These changes will also aid in making this household part of the green revolution in which energy resources are conserved.
[“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]


Sample by My Essay Writer

In the building of Canada, there were some regional and national indifference. The presence of separation of powers between the federal government and the ten provincial governments has created conflicts of interest. The transition of Canada economically and socially.

Main point
Canadian federalism was marked by confederation. The Confederation was a series of conferences characterized by the union of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and the province of Canada. This was an opportunity for the colonies to unite and this had much support. An idea of the federal system of government was popular due to the advantages it was accompanied with. It was a way of protecting the colonies from tyrant governments (Ruff, 2006). The level of citizen participation would eventually increase as powers were diffused. A federal government was a more efficient government and enhanced the responsiveness of needs of state governments to needs of citizens.

However as the province of Canada grew and developed, governing Ontario (Canada West) and Quebec (Canada East) was tough. In Canada East confederation was being opposed by A.A. Dorion’s Party Rogue. The conservatives were in support and also managed to gain support from the Catholic Church. It also earned justification from the public based on the issue that French Canadians would reclaim their provincial identity. The conservatives were against the Ottawa’s power of disallowance, and hence they lead the provincial rights movement which was championed by Oliver Mowat.

The issue of federal powers of reservation and disallowance was present. They involved allowing the queen in council to disallow or reserve federal legislation. Reservation of powers involved issues is not addressed the constitution.  Section 91 stated “It shall be lawful for the Queen, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate and House of Commons, to make Laws for the Peace, Order, and good. The government of Canada, concerning all Matters not coming within the Classes of Subjects by this Act assigned exclusively to the Legislatures of the Province” (Bélanger, 1998). The division of powers was unclear as raised a question on who had much power in the gray areas. The Canadians challenged the move and insisted on approval of the Canadian cabinet before disallowing or reserving any legislation. Another significant step was the 1892 judgment of the judicial committee of the Privy Council in London (Russell, 2011). This appeal resolved the issue of provincial rights.[“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

The theory of classic federalism is characterized by smaller governments and balanced budgets. It involved less spending on government operations and maximizing on revenues. In 1896 federal election demonstrated a shift to the classical federalism. Conservatives had won most of the votes, however, did not win in Quebec. The powers of reservation and disallowance of the federal government are formal and inscribed in the constitutional act, 1867 (Russell, 2011).

In the Canadian history, two theories regarding the formation of government were present; the compact theory and the two founding people’s theory. The compact theory was a theory that involved the formation of a government through an agreement by all the states. A consensus by all states must be reached for the formation of a federal government. The two people’s theory was based on those that either supported the confederation project or those that opposed the project. The radical French Canadians were against the Confederation, and the moderate reformists were in support of the Confederation. Both of the theories were considered to be both an ideal and myth. For the compact theory, it was unlikely for all nations to come to an agreement. The two people’s approach was also a theory based on divisions of ideologies between the radicals and reformists.

In 1926 Canadians were challenged to have self-governance (Bélanger, 1998). This was after a Balfour report where the committee examined and redefined the relationship among self-governing nations of the British Empire.[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

The presence of the Aboriginal people in Canada and having a unitary government is a clear indication of the evolution of the provincial administration that generated a separate government that stands on its own. This brings aspects of government closer to the people who make it easier for people to access them such as health and education sectors. [Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

The issue of conflicts of interest in both the federal and the provincial governments were clearly outlined and explained. It is easier to understand the forms of government in Canada by going through the document. It shows the distinction between national government duties and provincial government’s functions. There are some devolved aspects that the federal government has delegated to the provincial governments while others such as national security are left to the national government.


Russell, P. H., & Leuprecht, C. (2011). In Essential Readings in Canadian constitutional politics. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.(pg 56-68)

Bélanger, C. (1998). Quebec, the Constitution, and Special Status – Readings – Quebec History
R Ruff, N. J. (2006, June 2). Provincial Government – The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved from


Sample by My Essay Writer

Feminism can be thought of as the ideas generated fundamentally by women with the aim of altering their self realization as well as the social order. Basically, most of the women movements are formed with the main aim of liberating women from men dominance. In Particular, feminists base their social living views on the widely accepted opinions that women are socially disadvantaged. Precisely, feminists argue that there is gender inequality in the way women and men interact in workplaces and marriages. Although people who advocate for feminism argues that men and women are equal in political and social matters, that is yet to be witnessed in the real world.

From the standpoint of feminist, social roles, occupations, behavioral and desires are explained as feminine or masculine. To illustrate, the society associates empathetic feelings, caring and nurturing with women. Moreover, childcare, nursing and secretarial work is defined as ladies’ work. On the other hand, work in public offices and military work is associated with men. Following this, feminists believe that associating certain work and behaviors with a certain gender is not natural but as a result of social aspects.

Without doubt, gender disparity in the society where men and women are perceived differently is social in nature and is developed with an aim to maintain dominance of men in the society. To clarify, gender arrangement in the society is hierarchical with men holding the top positions and women holding the subordinate positions. To put it differently, the society expect women to be caretakers and mothers, which consequently denies them a chance to develop skills required in corporate governance and in top political positions. In addition, women are expected to respond to the needs of the others and nurture them, which makes them to develop a less aggressive nature, which is contrary to what leadership roles require. To be precise, societal difference in gender can be attributed to the dominance of males in the society.[“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

As a matter of fact, men have more power than women in every society. To illustrate, in USA, the top most positions in military, economics, government and education are held by men. In particular, male dominance is more evident in people’s sexual lives. In other words, it is assumed that men should be in control during sexual intercourse. Moreover, men supremacy is revealed in the beauty industry. To illustrate, the industry usually uphold a slim ideal sexual beauty, which women works hard to acquire in order to impress men.

Without a doubt, having power comes with many benefits and men fight hard to keep it. Most compelling evidence, men rape and beat women in their effort to maintain male dominance. In addition, they are against any woman who may be willing to acquire a top position in any organization. Moreover, men support the social ideas that define women as wives and caretakers. Indeed, this plays a big role to keep women at the subordinate positions in the society. Furthermore, men have continued to use medicine and science to support the idea that nature determines gender hierarchy and disparity, which explains the role of women as mothers and care takers. In particular, feminists believe the idea of natural gender disparity is a scheme meant to hide the political and social powers that forms the male dominance, which is oppressive and unequal.

From the standpoint of feminists, the society of women and men is entirely political in nature. To clarify, people become skilled at being men and women where women assume the subordinate role in the society. Although they continue to fight against control by male, social customs, natural gender difference, men economic and political superiority forces women to acquire subordinate positions in the society. Despite the fact that feminists believe that gender is a political and social idea, they have different views on the force of male dominance and nature of gender.

In particular, there are three approaches used to explain the feminist theory, which are gynocentric feminism, difference feminism and postmodern feminism. Firstly, under gynocentric feminism men and women are believed to want varied things, think and feel differently (Smith 5). Although there are differences among women and men, there is a unique similarity among women and among men. In this connection, a group of feminists claims that all females have a common social or biological reality, which they share amongst themselves. In other words, they argue that all women fight and desire to be free of the male dominance.

In the modern-day world, women and men have different social positions. Although different women have different social class and knowledge levels, they have a common gender experience because they are primarily held responsible for doing house chores and taking care of men and children. Following this, much of women’s time is spent in specific localities such as in home and in their neighborhoods. In particular, women have their own way of expressing their ideas on social aspects (Smith 7). To illustrate, instead of talking about general human behavior, they speak about specific behaviors associated with a specific person. Moreover, instead of talking about society as whole, they talk about how specific people live their social lives.

Sociology centers men’s lives in public offices, politics, military and sports. In other words, they hold powerful positions in the society and they are the ruling class. Without a doubt, social views of men are shaped by their involvement in public affairs (Smith 8). The fact that have they predominantly taken over social sciences and sociology means they are the dominant gender in the society. In particular, sociology forms part of a lawful order that is beneficial to wealthy class and in particular, men.

Precisely, there are four sociological traditions that are connected to the feminist theory (Brym, Robert & John 6). In particular, micro-interactionist tradition states that the social world comes out of the significant interactions among people. As a matter of fact, an individual understands himself or herself better when he or she speak and cooperate with other people. Social associations and roles are models of interaction that have not only grown through habit, but also coexistence. That is to say, society is shaped through interaction of people. Simply put, sociology enables people to visualize what they can do to reshape and improve the society into a better place through interactions.

Durkheimian tradition indicates that human are social beings. To put it differently, people’s basic and emotional needs are embedded with other people, which suggest that people must interact with one another to have a good life (Brym, Robert & John 11).. That is to say, People depend on one another for survival and any effort to be rational cannot succeed.

In addition, Conflict tradition suggests that society is a continuing fight between the dominant and the inferior party, where each party fights for its interest and wellbeing (Brym, Robert & John 5). As a matter of facts, it is rare to have a society where everyone is contented and people always fight for power and higher social status. Without a doubt, some people may acquire power at the expense of others. Therefore, it is not a rare thing to have people in the society who claim to worry about the interests of the others while in the real sense they are more concerned about their well being. Precisely, sociologists can only bring positive change to the society by making sure the minority oppose their domination. In this case, the women are the subordinate and the men are the dominant party in power who oppress women.

Lastly, rational or utilitarian tradition suggests that the society is a group of people who individually pursue their personal goals (Brym, Robert & John 6). To clarify, individuals in the society know what they want and all their efforts are directed towards achieving their dreams. Notably, people are fundamentally individualistic, which means people with similar interests will always be at war since everyone wants to achieve his or her goals. For people to get along, their incentives must be aligned properly.

Under gynocentric feminism, sociology is perceived as a political enterprise. Gynocentric feminists argue that there should be a critical sociology that focus on liberating females from social orders that are male dominated. In detail, a sociology that favors women would appreciate the role women play in the society by making sure women local settings, daily activities and social activities are the starting point for social awareness. Moreover, a feminist sociology focuses on recuperating the honor of lives of women and giving them a voice.[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

A sociology that is woman oriented aims on promoting a critical political knowledge by analyzing how empowering women will shape their lives. In other words, a feminist sociology is supposed to change women into agents of the society who can socially transform their lives and those of others. Furthermore, a feminist sociology is supposed to criticize discrimination on gender basis and oppression of women in the society.

In particular, some sociologists analyze mental illness based on gender and race. While some mental illnesses are associated with women, those that are common with men are eliminated from the list of mental illness for example, drug abuse. Without a doubt, this has a social consequence because it portrays women as vulnerable to mental sickness and they are perceived as if they are weaker than men. A feminist sociology is supposed to change the   wrong view on women and discourage mistreatment of females.

Difference feminism is an approach to feminist theory where different feminists have different views on sexuality, gender, class and race (Lloyd 5). In particular, in the late 1970s many feminist focused on criticizing gender inequality and emphasized on empowering women against oppressive men. As a matter of facts, feminists called upon women to join hands and protect themselves against the dominant masculinity. Precisely womanhood was now defined in terms of social classes, way of being and psychological dispositions. Without a doubt, this was a new form of gynocentric feminism.

While women associations grew into more intense and strong groups, women of color started criticizing the gynocentric feminists claiming the classy white women who hold top positions in women’s movements never addressed the issues of class and race. Following this, a new group of feminists from non white communities emerged. In the meantime, the gynocentric feminists were criticized for not addressing the issue of race in their campaigns. To demonstrate, the black women claimed that discrimination on gender basis could not be separated from class and racial aspects. In other words, women of the color believed their experience were not incorporated by the gynocentric feminism and felt that gender; class and race should not be separated but addressed together.

As a matter of facts, feminists of color had no intentions to destabilize the women’s movements. Instead, they wanted an addition of issues that affected their daily lives to be included in the objectives of the women movements (Lloyd 7). On the contrary, this raised so many questions about the common identity of women. For example, people started doubting whether women who differed on race and class issues could still be united. Moreover, the fact that gynocentric feminists claimed that sexual experiences for women varied raised question about whether women with different sexual desires could still be united.
Attack of gynocentric feminists who were mainly white women by women of the color led to emergence of new   feminism called the postmodern feminism in the early 1990s. In particular, these feminists believe that gender identity cannot be fixed by nature or the society. Moreover, they believe that there is no gender identity that can be based on cultural values or any social views that separates women from men (Tandon 8). To be precise, gender is an ongoing social conflict and it bears multiple and changing meanings. Postmodern feminists assert that it is difficult to run away from the instability and multiplicity of the feminist’s politics and knowledge.

Although,  gynocentric feminism encouraged internal harmony, but it did so by creating divisions and silencing differences. In particular, postmodern feminists focus on promoting cooperation between feminists and among women (Tandon 2). Moreover, they wish to disintegrated the narrow-mindedness of individuals and encourage formation of a universal union that is politically effective. Precisely, the ideology of women sharing a common gender identity without a doubt encourages feminism. Although this is true, the idea not only plays a big part in misrepresenting the lives of women, but also hinders the likelihood of gender politics.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

Under postmodern feminism, feminists should avoid the impression of a centralized gender identity. Precisely, gender is perceived as an achievement where people are born male and female but grow to become men and women. In other words, being a woman implies adopting a feminine character, which consequently forms the foundation of women’s responsibilities (Tandon 7). To illustrate, no social education or coercion can explain the decision to mother a child. To put it differently, females gain a feminine identity that force them to mother children. That is to say, to be a mother is perceived as a socially gained feminine identity.

From the perceptions of scholars of masculinity, gender is not a fixed status but what one does. To clarify, gender is formed through interactions but not fixed prior to social contacts. Precisely, viewing gender as a social activity indicates taking gender identities, norms and meanings fairly open and unstable. Without doubt, there is a connection between feminist theory and male’s studies that indicates gender has a performative character.

In conclusion, I believe the fight for female equality can be done in many ways but not all ways are appropriate. Some methods are better than the others depending on one’s personal priorities. Without a doubt, men and women have many similar attributes but they also have some disparities. The fact that top public offices are held by men does not mean women cannot be in power. Moreover, the fact that women are emotional and empathetic does not mean men cannot be empathetic. Following this, race and gender should never be considered when conducting recruitment or promotion in the society. To be precise, I believe men and women have equal potential so there should be no discrimination on gender basis. For a number of reasons as explored above, key among them overcoming male dominance in the society, the feminist theory has succeeded more than the other similar theories over the years because they incorporates both the required ideas and is based on reality on the ground.

Brym, Robert J, and John Lie. Sociology: Your Compass for a New World, the Brief Edition. Belmont, California: Wadsworth Cengage Learning, 2010. Print.

Lloyd, Moya. Judith Butler: From Norms to Politics. Cambridge: Polity, 2007. Internet resource.

Smith, Dorothy E. The Everyday World As Problematic: A Feminist Sociology. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 2012. Internet resource.

Tandon, Neeru. Feminism: A Paradigm Shift. New Delhi: Atlantic Publishers & Distributors, 2008. Print.


Sample by My Essay Writer

It is often easy to ignore or mistreat the outcast; not only because they are so often made invisible by society, but also because they are often made undesirable. The protagonists in Charlotte’s Web and Hana’s Suitcase, are both left out of the societies around them. Though their situations are vastly different, Hana Brady and Wilbur the pig in Charlotte’s Web are both in conflict with societal norms and constantly being uprooted from their natural surroundings. They start out in life happy and with a positive outlook for the future; both appear to have a solid support system; both are ultimately shocked to realize that things are not as they seem and physical upheaval can happen at any moment.
In Hana’s Suitcase, the reader learns early on that Hana was born into a happy but hard-working family in a small town in the hills Czechoslovakia. The Brady House was often full of singing, dancing and guests. All of this changed when Adolf Hitler began to rise to power in nearby Germany.[“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]By 1938 other Jews in the Brady’s small town were getting nervous and, as the war escalated, the Nazis began taking harsher measures to control the Jews. Hana, used to having endless activities available to her and many friends from which to choose, had nearly everything taken away from her:

But gradually, as the months dragged on, all Hana’s playmates, even Maria, stopped coming over after school and on the weekends. Maria’s parents had ordered her to stay away from Hana. They were afraid the Nazis would punish their whole family for allowing Maria to be friends with a Jewish child. Hana was terribly lonely. (Levine, 25)

Hana’s world is changed because the political climate of her own society caused her to be an outcast. Her voice and agency are taken away and her life is forfeit. When Fumiko decides to discover and share Hana’s story, she is giving her a voice. After meeting Fumiko and the Little Angels Club, Hana’s brother, George, reflects on his feelings regarding his sister:

George realized that, in the end, one of Hana’s wishes had come true. Hana had become a teacher, Because of her – her suitcase and her story – thousands of Japanese children were learning about what George believed ot be the most important values in the world: tolerance, respect, and compassion. (Levine, 81)

When they were taken from their home, George felt responsible for Hana. He blamed himself for her murder at Auschwitz, despite the fact that he had no power over their movement either.

In Charlotte’s Web, Wilbur, the runt of the litter, is saved from being killed at birth. He doesn’t understand his situation in life right away, but when it becomes clear that he is to be eaten. He says to Charlotte, “Were you serious when you promised you would keep them from killing me?” (White, 54) Though Wilbur is still threatened by his place in society, it is clear that he knows there is nothing he can do himself to prevent from being killed. Charlotte, from a different place, is able to step in and give Wilbur a voice.

Though they are from vastly different physical worlds, Hana and Wilbur are both very much affected by the physical worlds they inhabit. Born into a happy family, Hana was content in comfortable surroundings during her early childhood, but the persecution of the Jewish people in Czechoslovakia made these surroundings uncomfortable. When the Nazis began enforcing further prohibitions regarding Jews, Hana was uprooted from her home and forced to move several times. She was at odds with her surroundings and the constant movement from one set of unfamiliar, threatening surroundings to another causes her to be constantly unsure of herself and her future.[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

Like Hana, Wilbur is not able to control his physical surroundings and has little choice regarding the spaces he inhabits. Charlotte begins to weave words of praise for Wilbur into her web and his physical conditions change.

Wilbur lay down in the clean straw. He closed his eyes. The straw seemed scratchy – not as comfortable as the cow manure, which was always delightfully soft to lie in. So he pushed the straw to one side and stretched out in the manure. (White, 86)

Though the farmer surely believes he is doing Wilbur a service by letting him sleep in clean hay, Wilbur would have made a different choice if he had been able.

Wilbur and Hana are outsiders in their societies. Both protagonists are shown, by words and actions of those around them, that their lives are less valuable than those of others. Their voices are taken away from them and they are moved without consent from one home to the next. They are isolated by their differentness and do not feel comfortable in the physical situations they are in. Being outcasts through no agency of their own, Wilbur and Hana suffer similar conflicts regarding their societies and natural worlds. [Click Essay Writer to order your essay


Levine, Karen. Hana’s Suitcase. Second Story Press. 2002.

White, E.B. Charlotte’s Web. Scholastic, Inc. 1952.


Sample by My Essay Writer

An Explanation of how Biases Affect Rationality
From the book titled The Robot’s Rebellion: Finding Meaning in the Age of Darwin by Kieth E. Stanovich, the author presents something called the acceptance principle. This principle states that when people analyze problems, they tend to immediately accept the framework for the problem as it is presented to them and will consequently evaluate the outcomes in terms of that frame. Stanovich presents several detailed examples in his argument concerning the flaws of human rationality. The author presents us with a common definition of rationality and then goes on to argue through examples that humans do not use their rationality in this way most the time. Stanovich briefly mentions confirmation bias in this discussion, but he never fully explains the different cognitive biases that have been researched. Therefore, the acceptance principle, or the concept of how biases affect our rationality in terms of decision making, will be the target concept of this paper. The base concept(s) will be a discussion of the different cognitive biases that have been presented in lecture.

The first bias that will be discussed is distinction bias. This bias refers to the tendency for humans to be able to identify differences between two options more clearly when viewing the options at the same time, rather than viewing them separately (Hsee, 1998). For example, consider two hoodies, one is produced by Nike, and the other is a no-name brand, but both are made from the same material and are of the same thickness. In the store, consumers will often perceive the Nike hoodie to be of higher quality, and therefore able to perform its function (provide warmth) better than the no-name brand hoodie. However, if a test were done and a group of consumers were given both Nike hoodies and no-name brand hoodies and asked to rate them on warmth, both ratings would probably be about equal. That is, when the hoodies are considered alone, without the other beside it, they will be perceived to be almost identical in form and function; neither can be ‘better’ than the other. However, when a consumer is in a store and making the decision between buying a Nike hoodie and a no-name hoodie the difference in brand between the two hoodies will be more obvious to them than if they were observing the two hoodies in separate situations. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

Another common bias is the confirmation bias. Confirmation bias is the tendency for humans to seek out, interpret, focus on, and remember information in a way that confirms what they already believe to be true (Plous, 1993). Confirmation bias is a huge hindrance in our ability to accept new information about the world and grow as human beings. Because if we are always focusing on information that confirms our own beliefs, even if those beliefs are false, it can be difficult to accept a competing view, even if that view is true. Confirmation biases can lead to heated emotional debates and severely inhibits the rational ability of humans as it is quite illogical to ignore information that contradicts what you believe to be true, even if what you believe is false. Examples of confirmation bias appear everywhere in our day to day lives and appear in almost every major political or social issues. For example, consider debates about the existence of supernatural beings or phenomena (like ghosts or hauntings etc.). Those who believe in ghosts, or the supernatural, will tend to read books and articles on ‘documented’ hauntings and ghost stories which further confirms their belief that ghosts and such are real. However, another individual who does not believe in the supernatural will spend their time reading about possible scientific explanations for strange events that lead people to believe in supernatural intervention.

The two biases discussed are only a fraction of the huge number of cognitive biases identified in the literature. Some other common cognitive biases are the negativity bias, the omission bias, and the outcome bias. The negativity bias is the psychological notion that individuals tend to remember negative events much more prominently than then they remember positive events. The omission bias comes up when considering two scenarios; if the outcome of individual action will cause harm, but the same amount of harm will be causes if the individual takes no action, the path of no action is seen by the individual to be the more moral decision even if both scenarios lead to the same amount of harm (action or no action). The outcome bias is described as the tendency for humans to judge decisions made in the past in terms of the absolute outcome, rather than in terms of the information that was available to them at the time the decision was made. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

In his book, The Robot’s Rebellion, Stanovich states that people often violate rationality principles in every aspect of their day to day lives and he identifies biases as part of the cause for this. This paper has explained in more detail how some of those biases affect human decision making processes. Biases defy the concept that humans most often operate in a rational matter because it shows just how susceptible to faulty thinking they are. Biases, and other threats to our rationality (that Stanovich calls TASS), operate in the background of the human mind during the decision-making process and heavily influence the outcome of our decision. Since decisions often must be made quickly, it can be difficult to ‘turn off’ these biases and so they will influence human rationality.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]The ability for humans to learn to rise above their biases takes time, concentration, and knowledge of what these biases is and how they operate; the identification biases in our rationality is the first step towards overcoming them.


Hsee, C. K. (1998). Less is better: When low-value options are valued more highly than high-value options. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 11(2), 107-121

Plous, S. (1993). The Psychology of Judgment and Decision Making. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.


Sample by My Essay Writer

A Comparison of Poetic Devices in “The Lamb” and “The Tyger”

William Blake, the poet who created the collection Songs of Innocence and of Experience, is held in renown to this day as one of the most important poets of his time.  Two of his most famous poems, “The Lamb” and “The Tyger” represent very different visions.  When read together, as it could be argued they are meant to be, they create a complex world-view that acknowledges the existence of both good and evil in the world, and encourages readers to question the origin of both and how they might be interrelated.

Blake’s poem “The Lamb,” from Songs of Innocence, uses the persona of a child to emphasize the theme of innocence throughout the poem.  In the second stanza, near the end of the poem, the poet makes this clear in the line “I a child & thou a lamb” (17).  The persona in “The Tyger” is left undefined.  Although it can be assumed that the speaker is someone with more worldly knowledge based on the poem’s inclusion in the collection Songs of Experience, no direct acknowledgement of the age of the speaker is given.  The uncertainty that this elicits from the reader as to who is speaking reflects the uncertainty of the subject.  It’s clear who made the Lamb.  It’s less clear who made the Tyger.[“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

Interestingly, both poems utilize similar poetic devices, although to different ends.  Repetition is used in both “The Lamb” and “The Tyger” in different ways.  “The Lamb” repeats the line “Dost thou know who made thee” (2, 10) twice in the first stanza prior to giving a definitive answer to the question.  The second stanza also uses repetition, with both the first two lines, “Little Lamb I’ll tell thee” (11, 12), and the last two, “Little Lamb God bless thee” (19, 20) being used twice as well.  These lines, particularly when viewed alone without the context of the rest of the poem, serve to highlight the fact that both the question itself and its answer are straightforward and simple.  God made the lamb.  Repetition is used in “The Tyger” as well, but instead of highlighting naive certainty, it has the opposite effect.  The first stanza of “The Tyger,” which read, “Tyger, Tyger, burning bright, / In the forests of the night / What immortal hand or eye / Could frame thy fearful symmetry?” (1-4) are repeated almost verbatim in the final stanza to close out the poem as well, the one difference being the replacement of the word “Could” (4) in the first stanza with “Dare” (24) in the last, emphasizing the uncertainty of the Tyger’s origins.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

Apostrophe is another poetic device common to both poems. Both the “Little Lamb” (1) and the “Tyger burning bright” (1) are animals that cannot actually be spoken to as the two personas do.  Despite this similarity, the way in which the two poems’ personas speak to the animals in question is quite different. In “The Lamb” there is a certain level of certainty that is not present in “The Tyger.”  In the first, the poet questions, “Does thou know who made thee” (2), but later goes on to clarify, “Little Lamb I’ll tell thee: / He is called by thy name” (12-13), a direct allusion to Jesus Christ, or God.  In “The Tyger,” a similar question is posed near the beginning of the poem: “What immortal hand or eye, / Could frame thy fearful symmetry?” (3-4).  Unlike “The Lamb,” however, this poem from Songs of Experience does not offer a concrete answer.  The final two lines of the poem repeat, nearly word for word, this same question: “What immortal hand or eye, / Dare frame thy fearful symmetry?” (23-24).  The question is left unanswered.  Unlike the child’s persona who accepts, with appropriate innocence, the simple answer that God has created the “wooly” (8), “tender” (9) creature, the unnamed persona in “The Tyger” is unable to come to a conclusion as to who created the beast.[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

Not only is the language used to describe the Tyger with its “fearful symmetry” (4) and “deadly terrors” (16) very different from the naive and optimistic word choice in “The Lamb,” but even the descriptions of its assumed creator are significantly different.  As the creator of the Lamb, God is “meek” (15) and “mild” (15).  The Tyger’s maker, however, has “dread hand” (12) and “dread grasp” (15) that allow its creator to “its deadly terrors clasp” (16).  It’s clear that Blake has misgivings about attributing the creation of such a deadly creature to what, in a state of innocence rather than experience, he conceives of as a benign and merciful God.  The fact that he makes a direct connection between the two poems in asking “Did he who made the Lamb make thee?” (20) leads the reader to consider how the idea of God changes based on whether the world is viewed from the point of view of an innocent child, or a speaker with more experience and knowledge.  The question, however, is left unresolved.  This speaks to the challenge of accepting the world, and the acts of good and evil associated with living in it, as one entity created by one God.  It also forces the reader to acknowledge that through experience of life, experience of evil is inevitable.

Works Cited

Blake, William. “The Tyger” & “The Lamb.” Songs of Innocence and of Experience (copy Z).
London: Catherine & William Blake, 1789-1794. Retrieved from: