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Social issues are common with all people and it becomes important that people find the best ways of dealing with the same. The nature of social problems varied based on race. For the black people, social problems could involve unemployment, poor social relations, and even relationship issues. The barbershop has always provided African American men with a safe haven in which they can share their challenges and help each other find solutions to their problems.

In the influencing of policy and legislation level, the problem is that there exist no systems in which African-Americans are screened for health issues such as high blood pressure. Even though the system does not provide these people with the policies to guarantee their health, the barbershops have managed to be effective in helping some people escape this deadly disease. In the organizational practices level, the fact that people are forced to wait for hours before being served should be changed. Health is a vital issue and should make the health organizations respond with the utmost urgency. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

While considering the Fostering Coalitions level, the community should also have a role to play in health issues. For instance, the barbers provide people with a lending ear to their social and health issues. In return, the community becomes social and understands each other from a better perspective. The Educating Providers stage is depicted in this video when the barber teaches his clients about voter registration. In addition to this, the barbershop could also provide the same education on health issues. Given the fact that people are more honest with their barbers than their doctors, they could be very influential in providing health information. The Strengthening of Individual Knowledge and Skills will involve barbers dealing with their clients on a personal basis. Since all people have specific problems, the barbershops provide such people with an avenue to share their issues. What makes this even better is that such issues are discussed collectively.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

Therefore, barbershops can be a good strategy through which high blood pressure is eradicated or reduced in the African American community. This video covers all the stages of the spectrum of prevention. The strongest part about this is the ability of the barbershops to strengthen the ability of individual knowledge and skills. What makes this even better is that the speaker is both a doctor and a client in a barbershop. That shows the reliability of this film in demonstrating the different spectrum of prevention strategies.[“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

Ravenell, J. (2016, February). How barbershops can keep men healthy. Retrieved October 9, 2016, from TED:


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Part 1: Introduction/ Preconceptions:
Rehabilitation is a fundamental goal of the correctional system. This system ideally indicates that individuals can be treated and can return to a crime free lifestyle. In the first half of the twentieth century, rehabilitation was a central feature of corrections. In the recent years, the rehabilitation program has gained prominence despite the decline in the 1970s and 1980s. Rehabilitation comprises of a broad array of programs ranging from substance abuse, mental health as well as educational services. Specialty programs have been developed for parolees, sex offenders along with women to help them learn innovative skills to assist them with working life on the outside. Rehabilitation has also been introduced in the court system as part of correctional programming. Criminal behavior caused by some factor is the concept that improvement rests. People are different and the decision to commit a crime is determined by social surroundings, biological makeup, and psychological developments. These individual differences shape how people behave and whether they are likely to break the law. When people are characterized by factors such as exposure to delinquent peers, lack of parental love and supervision and internalization of antisocial values rehabilitation process play a vital role towards these people. The rehabilitation process is regarded as the best method of dealing with criminals. Going into the restoration process, there might be some bias present. However, I do not know what is going on inside the prison setting to understand the issues in the jail settings thoroughly. I think it is important for prison custodian to be well rested when taking care of criminals. Therefore, changing our prison system to make it both more efficient and less expensive is the only rational way of restraining those criminals who are violent and help them change their behavior as well as a return to the community, is that right?   [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

Part 2: What I have learned so far about rehabilitation of criminals
Source 1, MLA citation 
Alexander, Charles N. Transcendental Meditation in Criminal Rehabilitation and Crime Prevention. , 2013. Internet Resource. 
This was a systematic review that assessed whether criminals could be rehabilitated. Rehabilitation helps offenders to change their actions from that prototype to one that is peaceful and even productive so that they can return back to the community (Alexander, Charles, 54). The book states that rehabilitation programs have provided mental health services to criminals since the services are useful for even new inmates.  [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]
Critical examination of the source 
The main topic of the book is how criminals can be rehabilitated. The shift from punishment to rehabilitation has changed the behaviors of criminals. However, restoration today is almost always associated with cognitive behavioral therapy. Prison custodians offer thoughts, values as well as sentiments that support criminal conduct. Substantially, programs related to rehabilitation of offenders dedicated a lot of time to trying to change personality traits, hostility, and pleasure of criminals. The book supported the recovery process and focused on the significant role programs perform. The book centered on rehabilitation programs that would have been beneficial in the long run.
Reflection of the source 
The source helped me to look closely the social functioning of the criminals and the significant therapeutic opportunities that arise while improving the behaviors of criminals.

Source 2, MLA citation 
Slobodzien, James. Christian Psychotherapy & Criminal Rehabilitation: An Integration of Psychology and Theology for Rehabilitative Effectiveness. Boca Raton, Fla: Universal Publishers, 2014. Print.
Many reasons have contributed to the rehabilitation of criminals. For instance, punishments never work in most prisons and criminal behavior should not be punished because it’s not an effective way of dealing with criminals (Slobodzien, James, 47). This article focuses on regulation skills that help in the rehabilitation centers. This article ideally enhances the corrective impact of punishment-based approaches.
Critical examination of the source 
The main topic of this article is the regulation skills that enhance the therapeutic effect of punishment-based methods in the rehabilitation centers. Restoration works reasonably well since it has a real self-monitoring connection between the behavior of the offenders and negative consequences. The weakness of this article is that the rehabilitation gets little credit since the efforts of rehabilitating offenders require evidence practice at all levels.
Reflection of the source 
The article has enabled me to internalize effective ways of tackling criminals in a sensible manner. The system is coherent, comprehensive and internally consistent.

Source 3, MLA citation 
Rotman, Edgardo. Beyond Punishment: A New View on the Rehabilitation of Criminal Offenders. Westport, Conn. [u.a.: Greenwood Press, 2011. Print.
The main topic is the debate on rehabilitating criminals. The supreme court of the United States is the body which responsible for the formation of rehabilitation centers. The court cited that rehabilitating offenders are the possible alternatives to prison (Rotman, Edgardo, 45).
Critical examination of the source 
The debate further explores that the simple techniques suggest that the chance of fitting the treatment to the individual offenders are enhanced when there are more choices. Additionally, the court outlined the history of the debate and acknowledged that rehabilitation could be conducted in prisons and reform schools. The debate increased institutionalization. The weakness of this article is that the debilitating aspects of the penitentiary life it seems that outweighed their aversive effect.
Reflection of the source 
Is it difficult to successfully rehabilitate offenders in prisons and reform schools? The article helps to attain answers in that mitigate the amount of debilitation.

Source 4, MLA citation 
Martin, Susan, and Lee . Sechrest. New Directions in the Rehabilitation of Criminal Offenders. Washington, D.C: National Academy Press, 2013. Print.
The topic is distinctiveness of rehabilitation as the major goal of corrections. This approach is ideally one of the ways of reducing crime. Correctional and medical treatments are alike in one other way (Martin et…al, 15). Scientifically trained personnel in the relevant knowledge contribute to reducing crimes among offenders.
Critical examination of the source 
The article explores how rehabilitation embraces the medical model. It was evident that each offender’s crime may be different and the process of restoration will differ accordingly. Correctional Rehabilitation shares the same logic, and this is the main reason as to why rehabilitation is also referred to as the treatment. The strength in this article is that experts have been institutionalized to balance the scale of justice and attempt to improve the behaviors of offenders through rehabilitation. On the other hand, reconstruction according to the article will be impossible because the offender is not free in the society where innocent citizens can be criminally victimized.
Reflection of the source 
The article has given me the attitude and skills to avoid crime and live a productive life. This question can summarize this view, how does rehabilitation seek to assist both offenders and society?

Source 5, MLA citation 
Raynor, Peter, and Gwen Robinson. Rehabilitation, Crime and Justice. Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015. Internet Resource.
Shifting from punishment to rehabilitation has generated extensive literature documentation. The findings from this topic help justify the attitude towards recovery and often demonstrate the power to shape behavior (Raynor et…al, 67).
Critical examination of the source 
The main point throughout this article is the devotion by prison custodians to rehabilitate criminals by helping them set up for the evolution back to the community. Rehabilitation today is almost always associated with cognitive behavioral therapy. Services that scrutinize models of offenders provide a strong rationale while maximizing the effectiveness of the rehabilitation programs. Therefore, the article employs a structured behavioral approach that focuses on the attitudes and beliefs of offenders.
Reflection of the source 
The article has given me the insights that facilitate learning based on the factors that directly relate to their offending. Therefore, the question raised in this case, does these rehabilitation programs apply with juvenile offenders?

Part 3: What I have discovered so far (Evaluation)
Explain how research has deepened your understanding of the topic.
The research has helped me to understand various concepts of rehabilitations. The programs that shape the behavior of offenders are explored in this study thus demonstrating more about the importance of rehabilitation than punishment.
Compare what you knew or thought what you have discovered
What I knew was rehabilitation and punishment play the same role towards offenders. What I found out was that rehabilitation is the best way to change the behavior of criminals. The restoration process is regarded as the best method of dealing with criminals given the fact that it is associated with cognitive behavioral.
What surprised me?
Something that surprised me was rehabilitation programs associated with rehabilitation of criminals dedicated a lot of time to trying to change personality traits, hostility, and pleasure of criminals. This implies that punishment is not the solution to crimes.
Does the new info challenge or throw into question any of your original assumptions?
I think my initial assumptions were correct in some aspects. This research study has opened my eyes as to there being a lot that might not have known before.
Do you still feel the same way as you originally felt about the issue? Or are the assumptions revised or modified from your original point of view?
I still feel the same, and I believe criminals can be rehabilitated. Programs associated with rehabilitation of offenders dedicated a lot of time to trying to change personality traits, hostility as well as the pleasure of criminals. [Click Essay Writer to order your essay]
What did you learn that you felt was valuable?
Rehabilitation programs have provided mental health services to criminals since the services are useful for even new inmates.
What did you learn about the art of research?
Research takes time. To discover specific facts about the study topic, there is a lot that goes. Credibility is essential in any research to determine whether the conclusion agrees with the findings.
What did you learn about yourself while doing this research?
I learned that I have the capability to find relevant articles that relate to criminal rehabilitation. I was able to analyze a detailed article and pull out information that would be useful for this research topic.
Did new questions arise in which you didn’t consider at first? What are some of the questions?
Some of the questions that could gear my research in a different direction include;
Does rehabilitation work in our prisons? How efficient recovery is? Do offenders change their criminal activities after rehabilitation?
What else will you need to find out to complete your research process? I could have conducted my little survey and help get a better understanding. Application of questionnaires and debates could have been useful to help my research study.

Works cited
Alexander, Charles N. Transcendental Meditation in Criminal Rehabilitation and Crime
Prevention. , 2013. Web.

Raynor, Peter, and Gwen Robinson. Rehabilitation, Crime and Justice. Basingstoke, Hampshire:
Palgrave Macmillan, 2015. Internet Resource.

Martin, Susan, and Lee . Sechrest. New Directions in the Rehabilitation of Criminal 
Offenders. Washington, D.C: National Academy Press, 2013. Print.

Slobodzien, James. Christian Psychotherapy & Criminal Rehabilitation: An Integration of 
Psychology and Theology for Rehabilitative Effectiveness. Boca Raton, Fla: Universal Publishers, 2014. Print.

Rotman, Edgardo. Beyond Punishment: A New View on the Rehabilitation of Criminal 
Offenders. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2011. Print.


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All speeches need to have a good introduction that involves the audience while portraying the speaker as confident. People are likely to pay attention when they are sure they are listening to a speaker who is well conversant with the topic. Some of the factors that the audience will consider in this case are the choice of words and the use of data. People are keen on how much the speaker can relate the presented information with real life. People will rarely pay attention to speakers that simply state data without showing the impact on society.

The body should also be supported with data that aim to support the proposed thesis statement. Once people have listened to the thesis statement, they will always be keen with the speech content to determine whether it is convincing. This should be the part in which the speaker involves the audience based on the different data presented in the speech. For instance, one could make inquiries based on the people who have had different experiences. Once the speaker determines people who have had the experience, then he/she could use them as an example to demonstrate the point.  [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

The conclusion is equally important as it determines whether the audience will understand the contents of the speech. The speaker will have to summarize the main content of the speech for the crowd. Even if a speech has a good introduction and content but the conclusion is poor, then the audience could rate the speaker negatively. Therefore, the conclusion should be progressive with the speaker using the main points to identify with his/her thesis statement. It should also include a vote of thanks to the audience for finding the time to listen to the speech. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

Response 1
I have noted that my previous speech lacked a proper introduction that engaged the audience. The use of academic sources for an introduction serves irrelevant while considering an audience. I should have started by engaging the public on the number of times they have used pennies. For instance, I could have started by asking them how often they have used or even seen pennies. Since the thesis statement aims to explain why the pennies are no longer a viable denomination. This way, the audience will have a better picture of what the speech is about. Once I have the attention of the audience, it would make the speech much more effective. The body could also use additional words to make people relate with the statistics. For instance, when it suggests that it costs the American citizens approximately $80 million every year then it becomes effective to equate that with something the audience is familiar with. For instance, stating the different uses to which the money could have been spent would be an effective way of ensuring the audience understands the stated monetary data.

Response 2
The conclusion is very brief and does not seek to involve the audience. Even when one is dealing with a large audience that would not take part in the speech, it would be more effective to use examples. There is the chance that the audience might fail to follow on the speech after the abrupt end. It would be more effective if the speech involved a progressive ending. For instance, since the main information is based on past information, the end could have been demonstrated by stating some information on the present and future of using pennies. This will alert the audience that the speech is almost ending. Once the speaker follows this protocol, then they could state their opinions that the use of pennies should be abolished due to the stated findings on the speech. [Click Essay Writer to order your essay]


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The Time Magazine article “Five Myths about America’s Gender Gap” reports the findings of a global study on gender inequality. The article focuses on five commonly held misconceptions regarding gender equality in the United States, as debunked by a recent study on the subject. The study was released earlier this year by the McKinsey Global Institute (MGI) and is largely focused on the financial gains that could be seen in the United States if the gender gap can be decreased. In a best-case scenario, the U.S. could see an increase of trillions of dollars to the gross domestic product by 2025 (Ellingrud, 2016). The article looks at the study in terms of the light it can shed on why perceptions regarding gender equality are so incorrect. The authors of the article share the findings of their study and conclude by offering suggestions on how gender equality might be achieved in the United States.[“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

The McKinsey Global Institute is funded solely by its partners, meaning their research is not influenced or controlled by any politically- or otherwise-affiliated organization. Their research methods combine economic analytic tools with insights from business leaders. They use a methodology that looks at microeconomic trends to better understand the influences of macro-level forces. Their research is global, encompassing dozens of countries and industries. (Ellingrud, 2015)

For the measurement of gender equality in the United States, MGI established ten indicators: labor-force participation rate; professional and technical jobs; leadership and managerial positions; unpaid care work; single mothers; maternal mortality; higher education; teenage pregnancy; political representation; and violence against women. The first five factors are concerned with workplace equality, while the last five cover social equality. The study and the article in Time, look to broaden the discussion of gender equality beyond the usual focus on the wage gap.[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

By looking at factors on a microeconomic level, the study was able to clearly highlight some of the social disparities that contribute to the more generalized gender gap. As mentioned in the article, gender equality in the workplace can be directly linked to gender equality in society. One key indicator of this link is the unequal sharing of unpaid work. For example, women make up 46 percent of the workforce, but are much more likely to also spend their time completing domestic tasks like child care, grocery shopping and other household chores. This is true whether or not a woman is also part of the workforce. At the same time, men spend an average of an hour more each day engaged in leisure activities of their choice.

Including data regarding both social and workplace inequality at all levels and in many arenas allows the study to provide a wider point of view than studies looking at only one aspect of a woman’s life. Though the article barely scratches the surface of the data uncovered in the study, it fairly represents the study and effectively uses it to support the arguments made in the article.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

There are many ways in which this research could be expanded. As mentioned in both the study and in the article, more data is needed regarding society disparity between the genders. For example, the study was unable to clearly measure four states fully due to a lack of data in at least one indicator: violence against women. No data is available regarding rape at the state level for Mississippi, Hawaii, South Dakota and New Jersey. Until these social indicators can be fully informed, it is impossible to get a complete picture of overall gender inequality in the United States.

Ellingrud, K., & Riefberg, V. (2016, April 7) 5 Myths about America’s gender gap. Time.

Ellingrud, K., & Madgavkar, A., & Manyika, J., & Woetzel, J., & Riefberg, V., & Krishnan, M., & Seoni, M. (2015). The Power of Parity: Advancing Women’s Equality in the United States.


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Food Intake Analysis
Going over the calorie content of what I eat, it is below the 2,500 recommended daily calorie consumption that a person should have; however, I do not necessarily feel weak or dizzy during the day. My diet has a lot of fiber, lean meat, macrobiotic support from yogurt and plenty of fluids. For me, it sates any hunger I have, and I do not feel the compulsion to eat more than what I have already taken in.

When going over what I eat and comparing it to my daily physical activity, I believe that it makes sense that I do not require to eat as much as most other people. I have a sedentary lifestyle and do not engage in any form of strenuous physical activity. The vast majority of daily physical activities that I do have consists of commuting to my college campus and walking to class. Most of the time I am either sitting down and using my laptop or simply lying down while reading a book. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

I should note though that just because my calorie consumption is low does not mean that I am not liable to have complications with my health in the future. A sedentary lifestyle, even if it is combined with a low-calorie diet, is likely to cause a build-up fat in my heart. The culture that I am a part of actually has a history of heart disease since, despite eating relatively healthy food, engaging in strenuous physical activity is not something that is an active aspect of our culture. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

In the future, what I plan to do is consume more quality calories while engaging in more physical activities. Exercises such as jogging, swimming or joining a boxing class are likely some of the things I am going to join. I will maintain the same type of food that I am eating but increase the amounts so that my calorie content will keep up with the exercise that I am doing. This will, hopefully, help me to avoid the heart problems that are endemic among many of my relatives.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]


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The health sector has equally benefited from technology. Technology has been employed in the health sector in many ways. Health Informatics refers to the acquisition, storage, retrieval, and use of healthcare information with the aim of fostering better collaboration among patients and the health care providers. This framework is usually evidence based, and that means it relies on research to determine the cause of issues. In this case, there are different problems facing the implementation of the reforms. These include the slow manner in which people adapted to the system, having a very short time to adapt to the changes, and the reluctance of three physicians to use the system.

Current Issues associated with the Reforms
Slow manner in adopting the reforms
Based on the scenario, it is evident that people took a long time to adapt to the system. The fact that some people are still learning to use the new system still shows why this problem is likely to become persistent. It would be evident to make the query that if the section of the staff that was willing took a very long time then how it could be made better. This needs to consider the fact that some people are willing to learn how to use the system. The study should find ways of ensuring this section of the staff easily adapts with the system.

Limited Time for Implementation
All these changes are expected to take place within three years, and that has proved to be a problem. This is probably due to the difference in people’s experiences while considering technology. The use of health informatics system relies on computers and different software. The fact that people have a difference in understanding also poses a problem in this scenario. Even though some people would be willing to use the system, they will rely on the help of other staff. In addition, based on the scenario, the system is being implemented gradually, and that is likely to complicate the health services. It would be impossible for some section of the hospital to adopt using the system while other relied on the older entry methods.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

Reluctance by the Three Physicians
The fact that three physicians appear to oppose the new CPOE shows a challenge in the successful implementation of this system. Physicians play an influential role in such a hospital, and the fact that they are unwilling to participate makes it a big issue. With their influential role, they could easily sabotage operations among the junior staff. This explains why it this case has some nurses feel as if they are caught in a dilemma.

Based on these different issues with the CPOE, many recommendations could be made to make the situation better. A better situation is defined by a hospital in which all section of the staff adapts the use of CPOE, and positive results are seen based on service delivery.

The use of different vendors
The use of different vendors will ensure that the different departments have efficient systems (HIMMS, 2013). This is based on the fact that the laboratory cannot operate on the same system as the pharmacy. The hospital management will need to look for different vendors and then decide on the best programs, based on the different departments. Such a system will ensure that all members of staff have the chance to find a system to which they could easily adapt. From a practical point of view, the accounts departments could have a program that is based on financial elements while the laboratory use programs with a lot of editorial input. That would make training the staff easier as they would have programs with which they are familiar. Even though the system needs to have different vendors, they should still be linked so that people in different departments can access whatever information needed. In addition, this will enable the integration of the system to different departments within the stated three-year deadline.

Merging the Informatics System between the two medical centers
The use of different vendors should also consider the fact that two hospitals are merging. This means that there will be a huge amount of data to be stored in the process (Practice Fusion, 2016). The system should be able to integrate the data from the two medical centers for efficient service provision. For instance, should a patient visit one center after using the other in the past, the nurses or physicians should be in a position to pull their records from the system. This will improve efficiency, as that is one of the reasons behind the integration of a CPOE. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

Conducting a Training Program for the CPOE
Upon the use of different vendors, it would be advisable for the hospital to conduct a training session for different departments (Tulenko, Settle, & Bailey, 2016). The case study shows the management adopting the use of this system categorically according to the departments. For instance, with the upcoming integration of CPOE in the ICU and pediatrics and obstetrics units should involve training sessions for all staff. Engaging in this would ensure none of the staff claims they are unable to use the system. If this were to be implemented in the department in which the three physicians are found then they would not have the excuse of relying on their nurses for entry of orders into the system.  [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

The history and development of Health Informatics have involved many changes to offer medical centers the effective systems witnessed in the modern world. The use of different vendors will ensure that all departments find a system with which they can use. While using these different vendors, it is vital that the system messages have a high degree of optionality. This means that the different departments should have their specially designed system while being able to share data. Training is also a vital part of a successful system. In this scenario, the three physicians could claim that they are not familiar with the system. However, when trained, they are likely to appreciate the ease with which they will be operating. Given the fact that this arrangement is based on the merging of two medical centers, data management would be vital to quality service delivery. Patients should be able to access similar services in the two centers. With an efficient system, the hospital staff should be able to access data and find records on any patient. Time is also an important aspect of the integration of this system. Provided the management considers the use of different vendors then that could make the different departments accomplish the use of the system in less than three years. This means it would turn the limited time issue to an opportunity.

HIMMS. (2013, October 31). Evolution of Healthcare Informatics Standards. Retrieved October 23, 2016, from Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society:

Practice Fusion. (2016). Benefits of switching to an electronic health record. Retrieved October 23, 2016, from Practice Fusion:

Tulenko, K., Settle, D., & Bailey, R. (2016). Health Informatics Education and Training Programs: Important Factors to Consider. Technical Brief, 1-4. Retrieved October 23, 2016, from IntraHealth:


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Ernst Ju¨nger passionately writes about the war; he describes the war on a more positive note and is pessimistic throughout his book. He is ready to fight for his country against any enemy that comes forth. Ernst Ju¨nger starts by explaining how good it felt to see the morale in the regiment he had regardless of the inclement weather as it was raining profusely (Ju¨nger, 1994). Some shells were falling that led to the death of a couple of soldiers in his company, but this fact did not discourage them as they went on to the war. The author did not mind living in dug holes that were poorly maintained and had little food or no food at all. We see that the author remains positively minded for he was a company commander and people looked up to him during the hardest times. He, therefore, had to be a good leader and lead by example. We see him in many instances keeping his cool even when the worst hits them.

Ernst Ju¨nger was a real leader as he showed his prowess of leadership in a couple of cases. For example, in the first attack, he was left half unconsciousness and even in his terror he gathered the courage to go back to the fatal spot with his members calling out to him for help (Ju¨nger, 1994).He also leads the troop in so many attacks by the enemy. He is fearless in his missions and even at his worst he never bowed down to the enemy as the rest did. This is bearing in mind that he had been severely wounded at the time. He fought back in this state and managed to make an escape where he was helped by his company members. During the war, the author is informed that one of the Lieutenants that was leading one of the companies had died. There was, therefore, a need to pick a new leader for the troop, and the author dealt with the situation with utmost composure. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

Erich Maria Remarque’s, on the publication, All Quiet on the Western Front explains the war on an entirely different note. In the better part of the war he seems like he does not want to be there, he is not passionate about the war and does not necessarily understand how or why the war is going on. At some point we see the author and his friends discussing why the war erupted claiming that it is unnecessary for it to be there.

In the whole writing, we do not see a case where the author is aggressive and passionate about the war. In fact, at the beginning of the story, Remarque had gone to visit his friends in a different dugout when his dug hole got attacked.  He, therefore, was not able to help his members during the attack but all the author says is that he is lucky to be alive (Remarque, 1982 and has no remorse for those who perished. In their first attack, we do not see much aggressiveness of Maria in fighting the enemies. Remarque is full of fear throughout the war. He prefers to rant about the situation in the shelter they are in, how big the rats are and how much they eat their food. How much the rats eat their bread and food supplies.
Ju¨nger and Remarque have very different views on the purposes of the war. Ju¨nger sees the war on a more positive note. He prepared to stand and fight for his nation; to ensure that his country is safe from her enemies. Ju¨nger is ready to die rather than surrender to the enemy at some point in the war when the enemies seemed to subdue them (Ju¨nger, 1994). Ju¨nger takes the war so seriously and on a personal level and does not question why there is war. Throughout the author’s experience, all we see is more energy and vigor in his fights.

The author knows that if he does not fight for his country then the country will be taken over by the enemies and this will cause a lot of sufferings to its citizens. He, however, shows compassion as when he came across a wounded enemy just when he was about to set fire on him the enemy pulled out a picture of him surrounded by many other people and Ju¨nger withdrew from doing harm. He lets the enemy be and goes about his business (Ju¨nger, 1994)[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

On the other hand, Remarque and his friends do not see the purpose of the war. They even argue among themselves about the war. The whole conversation starts with Albert asking “But what I would like to know is whether there would not have been a war if the Kaiser had said No.”‘I’m sure there would, he was against it from the first’ the author replied. “Well, if not him alone, then perhaps if twenty or thirty people in the world had said no. “That’s probable, but they damned well said yes,” the author said. “It’s queer when one thinks about it” goes on Kropp “we are here to protect our fatherland. And the French are over there to protect their homeland. Now who’s on the right? (Remarque, 1982)”

The conversation between the friends continues with Albert trying to challenge the author by claiming that their professors and politicians and newspapers believe to be on the right but at the same time, the French teachers and individuals and publications are perceived to be on the right. Albert wants to know who is on the right and the author tells him he no longer knows who it is all he knows is that countries keep on joining the fight every month. The conversation, however, goes on when Tjaden joins again, and it gets vulgar at some point. The above discussion proves that the author and his peers had no idea as to why the war started, they do not know the purpose of the war, and quite frankly it shows a high level of ignorance as well as arrogance on their side. It seems like the author, and his peers are only there because they are soldiers and have been sent to their country on a mission which they definitely cannot decline.

This proves that they are not able to give their best at the war as they feel dragged into a matter that that should have been avoided on the negotiating table. It also proves disconnect between public and the political elites, inclusive of the Kaiser; the men seem convinced that were it not for the Kaiser’s stubborn and egocentric personality, they would not be fighting the war. Ju¨nger’s case contrasts to this by the mere fact that his men feel compelled to fight the war from a personal perspective. They are fighting for their land and families, the men have the urge to protect their loved ones from the enemy and thus fight whole heartedly in the war.

Ju¨nger is a leader, and in the better part of the war, he makes independent decisions. He, however, had some loyal men in his corner that helped him when things got tough. The author can interact with the rest of the company on a very professional level as on several occasions the members of his company refer to him as ‘sir’ and seek his advice in times of danger. The author can take good care of his company and made a lot of sacrifices as he put his members first. This shows a sense of organization as compared to Remarque, the men on Ju¨nger’s side are inspired by their leaders to fight on whereas on Remarque’s front, the men despise their leaders and feel forced to war. [Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

Ju¨nger’s company came a long way with the author’s leadership. The author, however, has no actual friends in the war just real partners in his company. There is no time we see him seated talking with anyone, but his mind is always focused on the war, how to win it and how to organize his company to conquer the enemies with as little casualties as possible best. Sometimes original thinking is what is needed to get through some situations as other people’s thoughts can corrupt a closed mind.
On the other hand, Remarque is always with his peers in the war. The author belonged to a particular dugout where he used to sit around and play skat. This alone proves laziness and lack of determination for the course at hand. He left his dugout one day and went to another dug-out to visit his friends.
Upon his return, there was not much left of his original dug-out because it had been attacked by the enemy and had been blown to pieces by a direct hit, so the author had no choice but to return to the second dugout where he arrived promptly to help in digging it out. The fact that the author had friends he could visit helped save his life for if he were in the dug-out when the attack happened he would have perished just like the rest. However, peers are not always a right choice for every situation. We see them eroding each other’s minds by discussing how they feel about the whole war situation. There are a couple of negative thoughts thrown about that corrode other peoples’ minds. An argument almost erupted as the friends debated on the whole reason the war began.

Throughout Ju¨nger’s writing, there is no much talk about food and the harsh living conditions as this is not what the author’s main focus is. In fact, this one time during the war the author did not realize that he had not eaten anything until he found some food. The author shows the virtue of selflessness because on several occasions he ensures that members of his company get food before he decides to eat. On another scenario we see him pass drinking water to the rest of the members showing that he genuinely cared for them as well. The author lived in the worst conditions most of the time but never complained about it because he knew that he was on a mission and he had to lead by example and not whine about the pettiest things.Sometime during the war, the author with his company get lucky to find a dugout that is adequately supplied with delicious food, alcohol, and weapons. The arms looked new which was much different from what they had. The jam at this dugout was creamy and thick compared to the thin jam they were used to (Ju¨nger, 1994).

Remarque is all about whining. He complains about every little challenge they face. He complained about how much the rats were eating their bread (Remarque, 1992). The mice had grown so big it was disturbing. He complained of the lack of food but did not do much to look for it. One night he was not able to sleep because of the harsh living conditions and his great hunger and thirst. He instead waited for the company leader to get food for them. The author was entirely idle that explains why he found time to get disturbed by little rodents who to him were a threat as they ate their food supplies leaving them with no much to eat.

The author’s situation is entirely different because he has to live with recruits who were not used to war. This resulted to more responsibility for him because he had to look after them. On one occasion the recruits had panicked for they had stayed in the dug-outs for such a long time and one wanted to crawl out of the dug-out regardless of the dangers outside. We see the author trying to hold back the recruit for he is clearly not in his right mind and the recruits are a challenge until the company’s commander came back, and that is when they relaxed. The level of technology explained by both authors in war is different. At times the enemies had better and stronger weapons than they did. During such times they were a bit overwhelmed and in some fights they were able to subdue the enemy’s weapons. However, Ju¨nger’s company had more superior weapons as compared to Remarque’s because with, Ju¨nger they were able to win and conquer the enemy on many occasions, unlike the Remarque’s team who only defended themselves when attacked. Ju¨nger takes charge of his company with utmost dignity and during the war they know what and when to use it. Sometimes they took over the weapons of the enemy increasing their supply, strength, and the likelihood of winning.

The tactics utilized by the Ju¨nger’s company in war is different from Remarque’s. Ju¨nger’s company is more aggressive in their mission, and at times they initiated the attack. Most of the times Remarque were attacked and defended themselves.Ju¨nger’s company had a front line that went ahead of the rest during the war. In a fateful encounter with an enemy, they had made timings of when they would emerge to fight them. There was an informer who gave them prior warning of an attack by the enemy so by the time the enemy got to them they were ready. When Remarque’s team got attacked, they threw grenades at the enemy before they got to them so that they could reduce their fighting strength by the time they got to their dug-outs. With this, it was easier to fight the enemies.

The authors believe that anyone who is involved or goes to fight for his country should be applauded for sacrificing his life for his country. It is a noble thing for anyone to leave his family and everything behind and go to the battlefield to defend his country. This is an act of patriotism. Ju¨nger’s experience is entirely different from Remarque in the war. It can be concluded that Ju¨nger faced a lot of challenges and came close to death more often. He went through harsher conditions and had to face the enemy more times as compared to Remarque.

Remarque had the privilege of going on leave where he was able to meet his family. His mother made him potato cake that he takes back to his peers in the war later. This is a great privilege especially amidst war as some of the soldiers do not even have the opportunity to see their families as they die in war. When the author got home, everyone wanted to know how desperate the war is and his father could not stop asking him questions. Everyone in the streets was curious. People do not necessarily understand that no soldier from war wants to talk about their experiences, so the author feels tormented every time he is questioned in regarding the war (Remarque, 1982).

In conclusion, we can observe that people perceive war differently, some embrace war for their personal gain such as Ju¨nger’s team that had to fight for their land; whereas others deem war and source of miserly and suffering such as Remarque’s team that does not see the need for war but are force to suffer while fighting in the war.

Ju¨nger, E., & Hofmann, M. (1994). Storm of steel. New York: Penguin Books.

Remarque, E. M., & Wheen, A. W. (1982). All quiet on the Western front.


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There is currently an atmosphere of considerable and justifiable concern around the rising costs of health care in the United States, where an aging population demanding new technologies continues to drive an increase in spending; however, the argument that health insurance premiums should be tailored to fit each individual’s propensity towards illness is false and mistaken, based on misinformation and misinterpretation of existing data (Pianin, 2015). The comparison of health insurance with automobile insurance is a false comparison: auto insurance rates are based on decisions made by the automobile owner. If a person chooses to own an expensive car and drive it recklessly, their insurance costs will be much higher than those of a person who chooses a mid-range car and drives carefully. Therefore, when we talk about an individual’s auto insurance rates, we are discussing data based a series of informed executive decisions made by an adult with full knowledge of the consequences. The same cannot be said of an individual’s health insurance rates. People do not choose their own bodies in the same way that they choose their cars: we are born into our bodies without choice.
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One might then argue that we do choose how to treat those bodies: whether we exercise, whether we choose to smoke, to eat well or poorly, and so on. However, a look at the sociological research of the past few decades will bear out the fact that people have very little control over their own physical development, and that childhood nutrition and social experience will determine a person’s health for the rest of his or her life. The vast body of research on adverse childhood experiences (ACES) has shown a direct correlation between childhood poverty, neglect and abuse, and adult rates of depression, anxiety, drug use, poor nutrition, and other catalysts for poor physical health (Dube, Felitti et al, 2003). Therefore it cannot be socially justifiable to increase health-care costs for people who are already socially disadvantaged. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

The argument stated in favor of tailoring peoples’ insurance rates to their propensity for illness infers that a) people should be economically sanctioned for their genetic makeup and that b) this sort of economic sanction will make a meaningful difference in the way that health-care costs are distributed. The first assertion is tantamount to eugenics. While the historical eugenics movement sought to remove power from people its leaders considered genetically inferior by removing their ability to procreate through forced sterilization, this practice would remove spending power and financial stability from the people that its leaders consider genetically unsound. The second assertion– that people are directly responsible for their medical costs– is an argument based on a misrepresentation of the way that medical costs are incurred, formulated and expressed. The vast majority of medical costs are, indeed, incurred by a very small minority of the population, but there is not a direct correlation between an individual’s propensity towards illness and their medical costs. It is logical but incorrect to assume that the sickest people are the most expensive: a closer look at the data will reveal that most medical costs are created by end-of-life care, overtesting and overpricing by drug companies (Bipartisan Policy Center, 2015). [Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

Dube, S. R., Felitti, V. J., Dong, M., Giles, W. H., & Anda, R. F. (2003, September). The
impact of adverse childhood experiences on health problems: Evidence from four
birth cohorts dating back to 1900. Preventive Medicine, 37(3), 268-277.

Pianin, E. (2015, October 19). Medicare Sees Striking Increase in Specialty Drug Costs.

Pianin, E. (2015, December 3). US Health Care Costs Surge to 17 Percent of GDP.

Prevention Task Force, Bipartisan Policy Center. (2015, May). A Prevention Prescription for Improving Health and Health Care in America [Press release]. BipartisanPolicy.


Essay Writing Sample: Conflict When Power and Politics Play a Major Role

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Every organization has a system of management that defines relationships linking functions and positions, responsibilities, and power to perform specific tasks. To put it differently, organizational structure enables flow of responsibility, authority and power. Basically, power involves the ability of someone to make another person do something whether he or she likes it or not. The fact that authority exists in the organization’s social structure makes it to be known as the source of power (Fairholm, 2009). This essay examines how politics and power play a major role in fuelling conflicts within an organization.

In particular, power has three facets which include decision making, ability to shape preferences and perception, and non decision making. Firstly, in the face of decision making members of the organization participate in decision making and their views are welcomed. On the contrary, non decision making facet involves a situation where people who have power make decisions alone and do not allow other less powerful people in the organization to participate in decision making. In addition, the ability to shape preferences and perception entails a situation where a person tries to treat others in a bad manner and limit their freedom (Fairholm, 2009).  Equally important, by managing how information flows in the organization, one can acquire power because information is power.

As a matter of fact, organizations consist of members who have different perceptions and objectives. This creates a situation where each and everyone want to achieve his or her objective leading to collisions. Primarily, politics occurs in the organization when people disagree due to diversity. In other words, if everyone agreed to a specific thing, politics would never occur in organizations. The diversity in organizations members where some members are more powerful than others creates a favorable environment for politics. Precisely, interests of different members of organization may collide, which causes politics as well as conflict consequently disrupting production (Fairholm, 2009). [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

There are various sources of power in an organization, which include, legitimate power, reward power, coercive power, expert power and referent power (Buchanan & Badham, 2008).  . Firstly, legitimate power comes with someone’s designation and is accepted within the organization, for example judiciary power. Secondly, rewards power involves capability of not only rewarding but also fulfilling the interests of other people. To illustrate, a manager is given power to give rewards such as promotion, pay and time off. On the other hand, coercive power means ability to punish another person. This category of power maintains discipline and good work flow in the organization. It involves demotion, suspension, fine and overtime.

In particular, expert power entails the ability to influence members of the organization based on one’s superior skills, knowledge and expertise. This helps one to portray a good image to others and gain power and control over others. Moreover, referent power refers to a person’s image or interpersonal relationship among other personnel in the organization (Johns, 2011). Notably, this power is obtained inform of affection, love and respect and develops slowly, which enables one to build a likeable image to other members of the organization.

As a matter of fact, organizations create an enabling environment for people to exercise their power and distribute authority. Consequently, members who have motivation to acquire and use power are able to secure a hospitable and familiar environment in the organization (Raines, 2013). Precisely, organizational political structures provide opportunities for members to build up their careers, which create a platform for people to express their individual motive and interests. In particular, career development at professional and managerial levels depends on power acquisition, which enables one to transform his or her interests into actions that influence other members of the organization.[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

Politics in the organization emerge when members compete to accumulate power in a scarcity dominated economy (Vigoda-Gadot & Drory, 2006). To put it differently,   it is hard for organizational members to get the power they yearn for without working for it. As a result, they must decide on ways to distribute power and authority through a formal organizational structure. There are two conditions under which scarcity of power occurs. Firstly, it takes place when one acquires power at other people’s expense. Secondly, it happens when there is comparative gain of power, not necessarily at other people’s expense, which leads to a relative power distribution shift. In these two cases, people develop a mindset of scarcity and start comparing themselves.

Basically, an organizational member compares himself with other members and /or she may come to a decision that his or her shift in shares of authority shows a decrease in power on his or her part (Fairholm, 2009). Moreover, he or she may compare his or her position with others which may consequently trigger feelings of lack of power. Most compelling evidence, mergers and acquisitions show the effects of comparison in organizations. To demonstrate this, the manager of an acquired firm may decide to resign rather than accept a position where he or she cannot have the same power of serving as a manager. Moreover, in case of a merger the two assistant managers may vie for the position of the assistant manager. Due to the conflicting interests between the two assistant managers, frameworks may be put in place to make them equal in order to minimize competition between the two. Consequently, the assistant manager with the weaker authority and power may decide to resign due to constant comparison of his power with the other assistant manager.

As a matter of fact, organizations are like pyramids which generate positions scarcity with the top one high in the hierarchy (Vigoda-Gadot & Drory, 2006). Indeed, people have different potential and consequently more capable people are accorded the top positions followed with a pay and authority that is in line with their positions. On the contrary, people with the same potential to be accorded the same top positions may not take this kindly, which creates a sense of unfulfilled interests in some of them. This may translate into politics or even conflict in the organization.

There are various types of conflict that may occur in the organization. These include, conflict between the group and individual. This happens when a member who wants to stay in the group for social purposes disagrees with the goals of the group and strategies to realize the group’s goal (Van, 2005). Furthermore, Inter-organizational conflict is a dispute that may occur when organizations that depend on one another disagree on a common issue. For example, conflict between a leather producing company and a shoes company. Moreover, interpersonal conflict is a disagreement that may occur between two or more individuals (Van, 2005). Precisely, this conflict may occur not between same level employees, an employee and his manger and between a manager and his assistant.

As a matter of fact, conflict has positive and negative effects on the organization. Firstly, it allows for search of new resolutions and facts. To illustrate this, a conflict between two parties in the organization calls for conflict resolving solutions. During the search for the solutions the two parties are exposed to new facts and resolutions. Secondly, conflicts help to assess ability and power (Runde, & Flanagan 2013).To put it differently, it allows the ability and power of a particular member of the organization to be identified, which helps to show how a person is tackling conflict situations in the organizations. Furthermore, conflict promotes reflection and originality when one’s view is challenged (Runde, & Flanagan 2013).

On the contrary, conflict affects the organizations’ smooth running, which makes employees’ concentration on the work to be affected. Moreover, during times of conflict there is low cohesion among employees as individuals start to take sides. In addition, it leads to mental stress and trauma among employees. Equally important, conflict may lead to a situation where wrong decisions are made to support views of the conflicting parties (Coleman & Ferguson, 2014).In addition, conflict makes an organization to not only incur cost to cater for negotiations and meditations,  but also waste a lot of time on resolution which would otherwise be used for production purposes.

Without a doubt, conflict that occurs between leaders in the organizations may be very damaging based on the way management handles dispute in an organization (Coleman & Ferguson, 2014). Indeed, leaders may have varying expectations and assumptions, and different problem solving techniques. In other words, leaders in an organization may disagree on various matters and manage the situation with no adverse consequences to the organization. On the contrary, conflict between organizational leaders may become evident and affect the rest of the organization. This becomes clearer when employees who work for these leaders starts to transfer to other sections within the company and solutions to problems are avoided or delayed (Rahim, 2011).

Conflict resolution can be defined as a technique adopted to facilitate the reconciliation of people who had earlier disagreed on a common issue (Rahim, 2011). There are different methods of conflict resolutions. Firstly, Forcing also referred to as competing method is where an individual pursues his interests regardless of the other person’s objections. This method involves pushing one’s ideas against your opponents (Doherty & Guyler, 2008). In particular, forcing usually provides a faster solution to conflict and is usually adopted when all the other less competing techniques are ineffective. Nevertheless, this method may have negative effects on your relationship with the other party.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

Collaborating is a conflict resolution method which entails combining efforts with the other party to come up with a win-win answer to the conflicting situation (Doherty & Guyler, 2008). Basically, this method aims at mutually satisfying the interests of both parties. Collaborating can be appropriate when there is a need for long term relationship between the parties. Most importantly, it leads to a situation where there is trust and respect between the two parties. In addition it creates a base for other collaborations in the future. Conversely, this method may not be appropriate when a quick solution is required.

Avoiding the conflict is when one chooses not to pursue his or her interests as well as those of the competing party (Coleman & Ferguson, 2014). To put it differently, this method involves side stepping or withdrawing from the conflict. This conflict resolution method is usually applied when the issue is insignificant and more crucial issues that deserve your attention are pressing. As a matter of fact, this method involves little or no stress and gives time and ability to concentrate on more crucial matters (Rahim, 2011). However, this method may make one to lose his or her position and withdrawal is usually seen as conformity.  [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

As a matter of fact, resolving conflict between leaders may be complex process in cases where the involved leaders do not want to be held responsible for the disagreements affecting the firm (Rahim, 2011). Moreover, conflict resolution process may be unpleasant hence many leaders try as much as possible not to admit that they are the cause. Precisely, resolving conflict between the organization’s leaders can be achieved by suspending the conflict by announcing a short break while a resolution for the conflict is investigated (Runde, & Flanagan 2013). Equally important, efforts should be made to analyze and understand the root cause of the dispute. Furthermore, there should be attempts to understand each leader’s style of communication, personality traits, and attitudes and how these may have contributed to the conflict. In addition, the involved leaders should try to admit their contribution to the conflict and acknowledge responsibility for their actions. Most importantly, there should be efforts to change certain attitudes, expectations and behaviors that are directly related to the conflict (Runde, & Flanagan 2013).

Although this may be true, leaders sometimes may require external assistance to help them in the process of conflict resolution. External conflict management may come in various ways including mediation, and arbitration and litigations (Van, 2005). Firstly, mediation involves a voluntary attempt by an impartial person also known as the mediator to promote communication and understanding between the conflicting parties. Basically, mediation aims at helping the parties to come to a mutually acceptable agreement. Nevertheless, the mediator does not force any agreement to the parties nor make a decision. In other words, the parties participate directly to negotiate their own agreement or settlement. Professionals in the field of law such as attorney may provide mediation at a fee.

Arbitration involves submission of the matter that is bringing disputes between the two parties to an independent person for decision making (Van, 2005). Typically, in this method, the arbitrator manages the conflict by listening to both parties and making final decisions. In this line, only one party wins while the other loses. The results of arbitration may unite the two parties if they have made an agreement to be bound by the arbitrator decisions. Following this, there is limited right to appeal the decision made by the arbitrator (Vigoda-Gadot & Drory, 2006).

Litigation entails use of the civil justice system in conflict resolution. Notably, this method is used to compel the opponent to take part in the solution (Vigoda-Gadot & Drory, 2006). Basically, litigation begins when a law suit is filled in a court of law. This method is usually adopted when all the other conflict management methods fail. In addition, the method is involuntary which means it is mandatory for defendants to participate. Most importantly, the decision is law-based and final.

In conclusion, politics and power are related and they form the axle through which individual and group activities revolve around. Members of the organization use power to meet their needs and acquire what they desire. On the other hand, organizational leaders use power to control the employees. This leads to a situation where there is conflict of interests in the organization as different people work toward achieving their goals. Indeed, disagreements and politics as people work towards getting top powerful positions occur, which results to conflicts in the organization. Conflict in the organization may be detrimental to production and measures of conflict resolutions must be put in place to resolve the different types of conflict.

Buchanan, D., & Badham, R. J. (2008). Power, Politics, and Organizational Change: Winning the Turf Game. London: Sage Publications

Coleman, P. T., & Ferguson, R. (2014). Making conflict work: Harnessing the power of disagreement. New York : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt,

Doherty, N., & Guyler, M. (2008). The essential guide to workplace mediation & conflict resolution: Rebuilding working relationships. London: Kogan Page

Fairholm, G. W. (2009). Organizational power politics: Tactics in organizational leadership. Santa Barbara, California: Praeger/ABC-CLIO.

Johns, D. (2011). A New Conservation Politics: Power, Organization Building and Effectiveness. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons

Rahim, M. A. (2011). Managing conflict in organizations. New Brunswick [NJ: Transaction.

Raines, S. (2013). Conflict management for managers: Resolving workplace, client, and policy disputes. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass

Runde, C. E., & Flanagan, T. A. (2013). Building conflict competent teams. San Francisco, Calif: Jossey-Bass

Van, G. B. (2005). Managing workplace conflict: Alternative dispute resolution in Australia. Annandale, N.S.W: Federation Press.

Vigoda-Gadot, E., & Drory, A. (2006). Handbook of organizational politics. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.


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Genetically Modified Foods are ultimately necessary to supplement the current production of food throughout the planet, which can sustain an ever-increasing global population. In addition, it plays a role in protecting the environment by less use of herbicides and other pesticides. However, genetically modified foods (GMFs) comprise a contentious subject. In recent times, there have been increased calls for the termination of the production of GMFs. The supporters of this notion prevail that GMFs pose a health risk to its consumers among many other risks. Nonetheless, these assertions overlook the benefits that humanity stands to benefit from the increased production and consumption of GMFs.

Genetically modified foods refer to edible crops, animals, and microorganisms whose genetic material has been manipulated. Essentially, GMFs do not grow naturally. Instead, their development is influenced by constant alteration of genetic structures. The development of GMFs often follows the principles set forth by the discipline of biotechnology. The genetic manipulation process entails the selection of individual genes, which can be transferred onto another crop or organism to enhance their growth. Other than the need to supplement the production of food, GMFs project a variety of benefits to the global community. These benefits enhance the stability of the environment, health, and food production. The benefits, from the use of GMFs, can be divided into two segments. These benefits include those achieved from the production of the GMFs and the consumption benefits when people take the GMFs.

Environmental Benefits
One of the most publicized arguments against the production of GMFs is that they lead to environmental degradation. According to the proponents of this notion, production of genetically modified food releases large amounts of chemicals in the environment. On the contrary, the production of genetically modified food often employs small amounts of chemicals. It requires little use of chemicals that may be detrimental to the environment. Chemicals pose a poignant threat to the sustenance of soil fertility. This allows the soil microorganisms to thrive. The soil microorganisms play an indispensable role in the Nitrogen cycle process. Alternatively, the chemicals used in the production of normal food products tend to emit hazardous gaseous chemicals into the air (Food Safety n.p.). This negatively affects the ozone layer and may result in climate changes that negatively affect crop production. Likewise, the production of GMFs enables the mitigation of soil salinity levels. High soil salinity levels with fertilizers may result in poor crops and ultimately poor yields. The production of GMFs positively influences soil salinity. The article “Should We Go and Eat Genetically-Modified Food?” indicates that the production of GMFs demands little inputs of chemicals. Therefore, GMFs have the potential to curb environmental pollution and soil erosion.[“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

Crop Protection
In recent times, there have been assertions that reinforce the negative influences of GMF on the mutation of pests. However, in reality the production of GMFs results in increased pest and herbicide resistance. The artificial manipulation of genes entails the identification and engagement of only those genes that are resistant pests. To sustain this trait, genetically modified foods are often injected with toxic bacteria, which repel insects and pests (Food Safety n.p.). Many of the food crops grown naturally are often susceptible to infections from pests and other hazardous organisms. For instance, corn, which is a food crop, is subject to attacks from over three pest groups. Growth to maturity under such impediments comprises a major challenge. Resistance against pests is achieved through the introduction a gene to the subject food crop. The gene engaged results from the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) (Food Safety n.p.). The gene performs the role of toxin production in the bacteria. Its employment in the food crops does not pose any health risk to humans. Resistance to viruses is achieved through the introduction of gene strains from disease-causing viruses into the systems of the food crops. In this way, genetically modified foods can resist diseases caused by similar viruses. Likewise, resistance to herbicides is achieved through the introduction of a gene from bacteria that has previously projected resistance to similar herbicides. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

Opponents of GMF prevail that natural food production process at present is enough to sustain humanity. However, increased famines and droughts negate the amount of food that is available to humanity. Consequently, the production of genetically modified foods results in increased yields. The global population trends project an increase and that requires food production to be increased. Each year, populations increase, as the birth rates are higher than death rates. These create a strain on the available food resources. Despite the increase in population, food production has remained relatively the same. It is projected with time the demand for food will outweigh the supply given the large population. Production of GMFs provides ways by which food production can be augmented. Chen and Tseng (147) prevail that food production will remain the same over the years. In exploring the immensity of GMFs in filling the shortage gap, the authors reinforce that “food supply will not change if the acreage cultivated as well as crop yields remain the same” (Chen and Tseng 147). Plantation acreages are no longer increasing. This a consequence of adverse global climate change. Therefore, GMFs present an opportunity through which the reduced production can be mitigated. In 2003, the global production of genetically modified Soya Beans occupied an acreage of 41.4 million hectares which is representative of 61% of acreage occupied genetically modified crops (Chen & Tseng 147). GMFs give farmers the ability to reap increased harvests, and that presents a potential solution to the current global food crisis.

Economic and Affordable 
The production of genetically modified foods provides an avenue through which food production costs can be controlled. Furthermore, given the relatively low costs that are involved in large-scale production of the GMFs, they project affordability. Gene modification increases the resistance of the GMFs to pests. This enhances their ability to thrive in adverse environments and climates. Therefore, it allows for the securing of increased yields (Chen & Tseng 147). The law of demand prevails that an increased supply of a product serves to reduce the price of the product in the market. Consequently, given that there will be an increased availability of food, people will be able to acquire the required nutrients at a reduced cost. Currently, there are more than one million globally who suffer hunger. They have no access to balanced diet and thus suffer malnutrition. This can be pre-empted through GMFs. [Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

Nutrients and Quality 
Reinforcements of poor quality comprise some of the leading arguments against GMFs. Proponents of these assertions prevail that GMFs pose a health risk to consumers. However, the production of GMFs entails the incorporation of genes that reinforce quality. Genetically modified foods have more nutrients compared to naturally grown food. This is because the genes are picked because of a specific quality. Genetically modified food has been engineered in ways, which promote the nutritious value and mineral content (Lim n.p.). For instance, specific genes can be used to influence the levels of vitamin A in rice. Likewise, other genes can be employed to reduce the fat content that is present in beef. This enables the pre-emption of malnutrition, which is prevalent in third world countries. Increased pest resistance results in the production of quality food. Genetically modified food has more flavor and texture. The beef that is inspired by genes tends to have a less fat content and an increasingly better taste

Genetically modified food has the potential to improve the global production of food. This will serve to mitigate hunger cases around the world. GMFs further presents an opportunity through which better crops and animals can be reared. The sustainability of the next generations will depend largely on the availability of resources. As more people are born into the world, GMFs will allow continued prosperity of humanity.

Works Cited
Chen, Chi-Chung and Wei-Chun Tseng. “Do Humans Need GMOs? A view from a Global Trade Market.” Journal of American Academy of Business 8.1 (2011): 147.

Lim, Jillian Rose. “Should We Go and Eat Genetically-Modified Food? .” 12 May 2014. Men’s Journal. 22 September 2016.

World Health OrganizationFood Safety. 2016. Web. 22 September 2016.